Sport & Society Studies: Statistical Design

Research structure is significant because it makes it easier for the reader to read and comprehend it. Every peer-reviewed research, qualitative and quantitative, can be divided into three parts, which include the research question, data collection, and data analysis. The paper offers a statistical framework of articles selected from the sports research category. Numerous studies focus on the importance of sports in society (Chun-Da & Chih-Chun, 2012). Consequently, the analysis serves as a summary of the research findings and their implications. This research summarizes the statistical findings derived from four peer-reviewed journals. The analysis will discuss the main statistical findings from each article and how the statistics best responded to the research question. A follow-up study that can further support the findings of the research will be recommended for one of the reviewed articles.

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Article Reviews

The article titled “Managing the selection of highly competitive interscholastic sports teams: Recommendations from coaches on cutting players” by Seifried and Casey investigates the importance of basketball programs. The purpose of the research was to investigate and report the cutting procedures and ideas shared by basketball programs that are very competitive. Statistical findings were derived from the responses of fifteen world-standard coaches. The sample was selected and exposed to semi-structured interviews. Subsequently, the data was transcribed to textual data and analyzed via content analysis. The statistics answered the research questions by identifying and grouping the texts into various themes. As a result, the relevance of the theme of the research question was determined by considering the number of respondents that cited the theme’s textual content (Seifried & Casey, 2012). The identified themes concentrated on the need for interschool sports and lineup choices during the eliminating procedure, techniques to decrease tryouts, and methods of telling students they had been eliminated from the squad. Researchers offer various methods proposed by coaches to minimize sportsmen from the game lineup, which they suggest may be implemented while considering the students’ emotional state for the interest of the preferred lineup. Seifried & Casey (2012) created a selection model using the strengths and weaknesses identified by the coaches through tryouts.

The article titled “Stress and coping: A study of world-class coaches” by Olusoga, Butt, Ian, and Hays investigated coaches ’ reactions to stress. The research question probed coaches’ reactions toward team stress, the consequences of stress, and the strategies adopted for stress management. Consequently, statistical data were sourced by transcribing interviews with twelve coaches and analyzed with content analysis to examine the results. Various themes were used to describe the participants’ reactions to stress factors and the influence of stress programs. As a result, the participants highlighted psychological reactions and proposed that athletes may tap from negative reactions to stress (Olusoga, Butt, Maynard, & Hays, 2010). The researchers recommended that coaches should schedule and organize strategies for the program. However, they avoided applications of psychological abilities to prevent stressors that cause strain reactions. The outcome of the analysis revealed that coaches must be cautious in their response to stress and the consequence of stress management. Sports therapists must assist coaches to understand and improve the psychological approaches and skills necessary to respond to the needs of standard training.

The third article titled “Predicting the draft and career success of tight ends in the national football league, predicting the draft and career success of tight ends in the national football league” by Mulholland and Jensen reviews NFL drafting procedures. The article reviewed the paradigm shift in drafting trends in the National Football League. However, the research revealed that NFL teams complicated draft approaches, which are centered on academic qualification and combined skill thus the factors influenced player success in the NFL. The researchers used different forecast models and professional performance data for the draft process. As a result, the academic qualification and physical abilities of the prospective NFL player were verified before the draft test. The analysis was performed quantitatively using a linear regression model to analyze the NFL draft pattern and NFL professional performance. Consequently, the results of the statistical analysis showed that variables for the draft order differed from analytical variables for NFL professional performance. The outcome revealed that the draft methods can be improved by factoring in the payment expenses of athletes to determine tight ends with great value. Consequently, the results indicated that size variables are not significant during drafts (Mulholland & Jensen, 2014).

The fourth article titled “It takes a village to promote physical activity: The potential for public park and recreation departments” by Henderson, Neff, Sharpe, Greaney, Royce, and Ainsworth. The research question analyzed the opinions of individuals on exercise and examined the socio-ecological influence of recreational facilities on physical activities. As a result, the statistical analysis used for the research was derived from six focus groups. Consequently, the sample comprised 52 individuals from different age groups and ethnicities. Thus, data were collected by recording audio interviews for each participant. Consequently, the researchers used a systematic approach to code and analyze the qualitative statistics. Restraints or obstacles were identified and coded as personal traits. As a result, the restraints were characterized by procedure and ecological consequences. The possibility of improving exercise through public recreational facilities was suggested by the participants and demonstrated in a prototype that emanated from the derived transcriptions. Consequently, the research outcome facilitated the establishment of more recreational centers that offer exercise programs in dynamic societies. The research findings revealed that recreation facilities and other community segments defined an energetic society. However, the inability to communicate the importance of physical exercise was revealed as the major challenge. Consequently, the research findings revealed that the influence of facilities, locations, and regiments on physical activity. Thus, the article recommended that government must provide supplementary amenities, such as transportation and gym therapy. The study revealed that physical and psychological safety must be considered when establishing recreational centers. The participants also suggested the need for partnerships to promote exercise and physical activities (Henderson et al., 2001).

Extended Methodology

The four articles reviewed are significant and contribute to the literature on sports and societal development. However, it is possible to review the research methods used for each data collection process (Andrew, Pedersen, & McEvoy, 2011). This section of the paper presents a follow-up study that will support the findings of the reviewed article. Thus, the follow-up study will be based on the article titled “Managing the selection of highly competitive interscholastic sports teams: Recommendations from coaches on cutting players” by Seifried and Casey. The research can be extended to derive more statistics that support the present results. Consequently, the aim, objective, and methodology can be reviewed to include quantitative research. However, the research will sample boys that play basketball in the competitive program. The questions can be designed to investigate the efficiency of the program as perceived by the athletes (De Moor, Beem, Stubbe, Boomsma, & De Geus, 2006). As a result, the physical and emotional effects on athletes in a competitive basketball program can be analyzed as a single variable.

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The responses of the athletes can be collected using a Likert Scale and the data will be transferred to SPSS for codification and statistical analysis. Consequently, demographic characteristics of the athletes will be collected and analyzed in the SPSS sheet. The analyzed data will examine the relationship between demographic qualities, and engagement in physical activities. Thus, the athlete’s perception will validate the responses of the coaches. The responses will facilitate the recommendations of the committee. It can be predicted that the perception of the athletes differs from variation in age, experience, and general life. The primary data derived from this research will increase the validity of the study since it will consider the perception of all parties involved.

The follow-up study for the reviewed article will improve the selection process for NFL leagues. Consequently, selection errors can be minimized using different draft procedures. As a result, coaches can evaluate the significance of each draft process using the combined approach. Research structure is significant because it makes it eases readability and comprehension. Every peer-reviewed research, qualitative and quantitative, can be divided into three major parts namely, research question, data collection, and data analysis. The paper offered a statistical framework of articles selected from the sports research category.

References

Andrew, D. P., Pedersen, P. M., & McEvoy, C. D. (2011). Research methods and design in sport management. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Chun-Da, C. & Chih-Chun C. (2012). Assessing the Effects of Sports Marketing on Stock Returns Evidence from the Nippon Professional Baseball Series. Journal of Sports Economics April 2012 vol. 13(2), 169-197.

De Moor, M., Beem, A., Stubbe, J., Boomsma, D., & De Geus, E. (2006), Regular Exercise, Anxiety, Depression and Personality: A Population-Based Study, Preventive Medicine, 42 (4), 273-279.

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Henderson, K. A., Neff, L. J., Sharpe, P. A., Greaney, M. L., Royce, S. W., & Ainsworth, B. E. (2001). It takes a village to promote physical activity: The potential for public park and recreation departments, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 19(1), 23-41.

Mulholland, J. & Jensen, S. T. (2014). Predicting the draft and career success of tight ends in the national football league, predicting the draft and career success of tight ends in the national football league, JQAS 2014; 10(4), 381–396.

Olusoga, P., Butt , J., Maynard, I. & Hays, K. (2010). Stress and coping: A study of world class coaches, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22(3), 274-293.

Seifried, C., & Casey, T. (2012). Managing the selection of highly competitive interscholastic sport teams: Recommendations from coaches on cutting players, Journal of Sport Administration & Supervision, 4(1), 79-96.

Sport & Society Studies: Statistical Design
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