Criminal Law

Effects of Cyber Crime on Project Managers

Abstract Cybercrime has become one of the biggest challenges for project managers in the modern era of digital data platforms. Although this form of managing data is effective, the study shows that it poses new challenges, top of which is cyber-attack. The researcher was interested in explaining effects of cybercrime...

New Types of Trademarks: Advantage & Disadvantage

International Rules about the Trademark Background Business world has increasingly become competitive as new firms get into the market with products that are already in existence. According to Howell (2012, p. 42), the end of the Second World War saw the world being turned into a small global village where...

Religion in Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency

The problem of juvenile delinquency and crime is attributed with a crucial significance nowadays because of the increase of its rates in all the countries of the world. Scientists and criminologists try to solve this problem by looking for some ways to stop the growth of juvenile delinquency besides criminal...

The US Prison System: US Prison System’s Ineffectiveness

Background Information The United States is the leading country in the world with the highest number of persons incarcerated in jails and prisons; and also the leading country with the highest number of prisons, most of which have been built over the last few decades (Parenti, 2008). In the United...

The Ipas in Reforming Afghan National Police

Introduction The upcoming research will deal with the complex problems related to the implementation of the US international policy in Afghanistan. The social welfare policy of the US Department of Defense aims to ensure law-enforcement system in underdeveloped countries through International Police Advisors’ (IPAs) training and assistance. The topic of...

The United Kingdom Constitution

Introduction The United Kingdom (UK) constitution plays an important roin in regulating, distributing, and organizing the power wielded by the state. Studies indicate that like many other constitutions across the world, the constitution of the UK structures major institutions of the state including the state itself and sets up governing...

Underage Drinking in the United States: Has Progress Been Made?

Abstract It is to be noted that in the year 2010, about 4,700 deaths occurred due to underage drinking. Although underage drinking is prohibited in the US, it is a known fact that about eleven percent of the total alcohol consumption is being consumed by adolescents. According to the recent...

Examining the American Legal System

The law of the US is a complex system that contains many levels and is documented in the Constitution, which is considered by the federal government, the Senate, executive branches, and federal judiciary. The unique nature of the American legal system prioritizes common law and precedent, while the roles of...

Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property

Knowledge can be defined as the accumulation of facts, figures, descriptions and information regarding a particular event, precedent, item or person and as such can be considered a practical understanding of a given subject matter. Yet what must be understood is that there are inherent variances in the types of...

Greece’s and UK’s Risk Escape System Comparison

Abstract The transfer of risk is a concept that has many theories attached to it. It has to be understood from its practical significance. It is in the risk establishment that the different parties get to understand their duties in the contract and the repercussions of not adhering to the...

A Study of United States Prison System

Introduction United States is the leading country in the world with the highest number of persons incarcerated in jails and prisons; and also the leading country with the highest number of prisons, most of which have been built over the last few decades (Parenti, 2008). In United States, like many...

Homeland Security and Border Control in the UAE

Abstract Homeland security and efficient border control measures are highly significant for the United Arab Emirates. Rapid economic development increased threats to the country’s borders and homeland security. The condition of regional tension in the Middle East and increased militancy movement in the region has made the borders of the...

Women in Mississippi Undergoing Hysterectomies

Introduction The study focuses on women who have undergone a hysterectomy in Mississippi without comprehensive informed consent law. While hysterectomy is one of the most complicated procedures that may result in serious damages to the reproductive systems as well as fatalities, most states, including Mississippi, have not instituted a comprehensive...

The Impact of Forensics in the Criminal Justice System

Abstract Forensics is a field of science that dates back to the 6th century. However, questions have been raised within the legal circles concerning its reliability as far as it is used in coming up with convictions. In the recent past, much post-conviction exoneration has taken place after the revisiting...

The Authority of Agents in Saudi Arabia

Overview This chapter will explore a number of viewpoints on the authority of an agent of UPICC and Commercial Agents Regulation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Firstly, the introduction provides a summary describing a systematic exploration of the The Commercial Agency Act. then, it anlysis that nature of Authority...

Curbing White Collar Crimes Within the Society

Introduction White collar crime has been an issue of concern in the recent part. According to Benson and Simpson (2009, p. 67), white collar crime refers to “a financially motivated nonviolent crime committed for illegal financial gains”. According to these scholars, white collar crime has been on the rise in...

Risk and Challenges in Foreign Investment Environment

Introduction Right after the colonial era, there was a tremendous increase in risks and challenges to foreign investments. During the colonial period, there was an absolute protection for any investor coming from an imperial state provided that he was transferring his assets to the colonies. However, after independence, this ceased...

Business Rescue Under the Companies Act No.71 of 2008

Executive Summary This empirical study on business rescue would provide insight on how the Companies Act no.71 of 2008 would contribute the leading South African companies to overcome the recessional impact. The paper has organised the case study of ARM, a leading South African company, which seriously evidenced the recessional...

Hate Crimes against Muslims

Introduction Background Information Terrorism is a global security issue that has become a central subject in the safety of humans across the world. For decades, wars have been taking political and economic dimensions, where different nations compete for common resources and markets. However, the advent of terrorism in the 21st...

Occupational Health Physician and Occupational Health Nurses

Historical Background Occupational heath psychology is a very old phenomenon and the concern related to workers’ health and safety is not just a national issue; this issue has have been affecting the global economy. At both national and international levels, it is understood that employees’ protection at work place is...

Maritime Law and the Lay Time

Background Worldwide, maritime transportation is the single most popular medium of movement that is commonly used in international trade; in fact, it is estimated to account for as much as 85% of all trade that takes place globally as far as international trade is concerned (Christiansen, Fagerholt, Nygreen and Ronen,...

Drugs and Crime Relations

Abstract Drugs and crime are intractable challenges even as technology continues to enhance the crime combating capacity of security agencies. Studies have increasingly pointed to the idea that crime and drugs are inextricably linked, but some scholars argue that there is no direct causal relationship between the two. This study...

Computer Forensics Lab and Investigations Training

Introduction Computer forensics refers to the use of a computer expert program to collect, interpret, preserve, analyze and produce data from either volatile or non-volatile media storage devices. It is a branch of digital forensic science that is related to examining digital media in a forensic manner with the main...

Islamic Finance: The Unification of International Business Law

Introduction Islamic bank is a term used to define financial institutions that are governed by tenets of Islamic laws and regulations.1 Islamic banking system is quite different from financial practices of mainstream banks in more than one way. Basically Islamic banking is similar to mainstream banking in practice and in...

Rockefeller Drug Law Reforms of 2009

Annotated Bibliography Kamins, B. (2009). Drug Law Reform Act of 2009 brings dramatic changes. New York Law Journal. This article explores the dramatic changes in the US drug legislation which were made in Rockefeller Drug Laws in 2009. It points at the main features in the new legislation, comparing and...

Rockefeller Drug Law Reforms of 2009

Introduction The Rockefeller drug laws have remained the main drug legislation in the country for several decades before the first attempts to enhance its effectiveness were made in the 2000s. The enactment of the Drug Law Reform in 2009 was predetermined by the peculiarities of the social, economic, and legal...

Problems Experienced to Control Crime in Nigeria

Introduction Nigeria is a beautiful country with varied landscapes. It is such a huge country that the climate varies greatly from one place to another. Rich in biodiversity and tropical vegetations, it is really a tempting place for many tourists to visit. But the crime status is so concerning in...

Rockefeller Drug Law Reform 2009

The enactment of the 2009 drug law reform was aimed at compensating for the drawbacks of the Rockefeller drug laws and enhancing the effectiveness of the current legislation for solving the problem of the illegal drug trade and addiction. This paper will discuss the evaluation framework and the main assessment...

Intelligence Community Current Position

Introduction Following Sun Tzu’s famous dictum, we are introduced to a practical means of implementing it. It sounds much like fourth generation warfare or even like hybrid warfare: Be wherever the enemy does not expect you to be, do whatever the enemy does not think you will do and portray...

Why Juveniles Should be Waived to Adult Courts

Introduction Human civilization has from ancient times acknowledged the fact that children are the future of the present civilization. Our modern era also believes in these ideals and this being the case, our society has always strived to ensure that children and the youth are given the best opportunity to...

Juvenile Recidivism and Rehabilitation: Study of Former Incarcerated Juveniles

Introduction Juvenile offenders have been prone to re-offend and the rates of juvenile recidivism have been very high in the United States. There are several reasons which have been suggested for juvenile offending, including the lack of successful and positive educational environments and economic opportunities (Khromina, 2007, Siegel & Welsh,...

Juvenile Recidivism and Rehabilitation

Introduction Juvenile offenders have been prone to re-offend and the rates of juvenile recidivism have been very high in the United States. There are several reasons which have been suggested for juvenile offending, including the lack of successful and positive educational environments and economic opportunities (Siegel & Welsh, 2008). The...

Threat Perceptions and Attitude on Counterterrorism

The aim of this paper is to present a close scrutiny of political attitudes that help in facilitating counter-terrorism measures. The task will be to determine which specific threat factors are more likely to influence counter-terrorism strategies by the government. In order to answer this question, the aim of this...

Corporate Homicide: Liability of Artificial Persons

Abstract A corporation is an artificial being that has an entity separate and distinct from its board of members and the workforce behind it. As corporations are a major player in economic enhancement and development, the state confers upon them numerous legal rights to vouchsafe their existence. However, the modernity...

Labor Rights for All the Workers in UAE

Abstract In UAE countries, there is a clear evidence and commitment to increase the existing legal structure to consent and enforce labor rights. To accomplish this, the managers are required to pay extra attention to the labor rights. This project is in twofold, one is to reflect the ongoing forces...

Reception and Enforcement of International Arbitration Orders and Awards

Introduction Considering international commercial relations the arbitration process is important and considerably more advantageous than the litigation offered through the traditional national courts. In the modern world where the world is viewed as a global village arbitration remains a significant International instrument through which the rule of law can be...

At Will Employment: Definition

Introduction Many job seekers are often glad to land a job they applied for. However, they may be confounded to read in the employee handbook or employment contract that they are employed ‘at will’. Some may not care to find out what it means until it is too late but...

“Lawrence v. Texas”: Case Brief and Analysis

Facts The plaintiff-appellants in Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003) were medical technologist John Geddes Lawrence and his friend Tyron Garner, who were aged 55 and 31, respectively, when arrested for alleged anal sex at 10:30-11:00 p.m. on September 17, 1998, in Lawrence’s apartment at the outskirts of Houston....

The Legality of the USA Patriot Act 2001

Introduction Background of Study The USA Patriot Act 2001 was a legislative piece passed by the United States (US) Congress and signed by former president George Bush in 2001 (weeks after the 9/11 attacks). The Patriot Act aimed to improve the quality of government investigations concerning terrorism and money laundering...

The Legal Protection of Human Rights in Saudi Arabia

Abstract Legal protection of human rights during the pre-trial criminal proceedings in Saudi Arabia has gained relevance in the recent past1. The need to protect the accused person during the pretrial proceedings is an essential aspect of the protection of human rights. This is because the law of this country...

Laws in Saudi Arabia

The Saudi Arabian government has always rejected plans to adopt a secular written constitution (Calvert 12). According to the government officials, the country’s legal system has been structured in accordance with the Islamic Shariah laws. In the year 2007, King Abdullah introduced some amendments in the country’s laws. These laws...

Baltimore City Police Department and Baltimore County Police Department

Introduction The Baltimore County Police Department and the Baltimore City Police Department have experienced increased levels of criminal incidents. The level of enforcement of the law is observed to be a crucial factor influencing the level of criminal incidents occurring in any region. Some of the research conducted on levels...

Transformational Leadership in the Homicide Division

Introduction This is an analysis section. It highlights how the data will be collected and explain how the respective data will be adequately and effectively analyzed. Furthermore, it specifies research methods used in the analysis of the collected data. Basically, the data collected will be analyzed through qualitative and quantitative...

Legal Systems, Labor Relations and Regulatory Practices

Introduction There was no common practice to join trade union or labor movement in Mozambique until its freedom from the colonial rule of Portugal in 1975; however, the workers were required to earn more than a substantial level to qualify as a member of trade union – this was a...

Cyber Technology: Organized Crimes and Law Enforcement Agencies

Introduction The advancements in technology have helped reduce the world into a global village1. This has facilitated the sharing of resources through trade between people and nations far away from each other. While it is necessary to appreciate those who worked hard to facilitate this, it is worth noting that...

Service Level Agreement for Cyber Security and Information Sharing and Collaboration

Introduction Organizations find the sharing of real time information on information communication networks becoming an increasingly vital component in competitively pursuing their business goals. A study by Sen, Raghu and Vinze (2010, p.57) concurs with Jensen (2009, p.98) that information sharing on communications networks exposes the information to existing and...

Assess the Effectiveness of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Legislation

Introduction Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) of 2002 is a federal law in the United States enacted with the objective of imposing standards in pubic accounting (Romano, 2005). The goal of SOX is to ensure that public companies, as well as their management, follow the new accounting standards. The new law is...

Murder on a Sunday Morning: Oscar-Winning Documentary

Abstract Murder on a Sunday Morning is a documentary that seeks to reveal the conspicuous problems in the judicial system concerning juveniles accused of criminal offenses. This article identifies various elements of the documentary that relate to forensic psychologists when handling juvenile crimes. Forensic assessment is fundamental to safeguard the...

The Americans with Disabilities Act Review

Introduction Discrimination can be discussed as an important problem typical for US society even though it is prohibited in all social spheres. The Americans with Disabilities Act was enacted in 1990 to address the issue of discrimination against persons with disabilities in the area of employment (Americans with Disabilities Act,...

“Grooms vs. Marlboro County School District” Analysis

Introduction A tort is a wrongful act that causes loss or harm to an individual. It often results in a legal suit by the party against which the act was committed. Such suits are resolved using tort laws. The primary objective of these legislations is to provide relief to the...

“Cohen vs. School District”: Legal and Ethical Analysis

Issue The case, Cohen vs. School District (1992), focuses on the placement of disabled students in mainstream education settings and the tort of negligence. A special education student was placed in a mainstream setting without appropriate supervision despite having some recognized violent tendencies. The student later attacked another normal student...

The United States Law: Federal and State Jurisdiction

The law of the United States is important to be discussed in detail because the principles of the legal system followed in the country can explain how the law can influence individuals and organizations. The origins of the U.S. law and legal system are in the law that was followed...

The ‘But For’ Test’s Adequacy in Negligence Cases

Introduction Negligence law is arguably the most important tort; however, it is a source of significant angst in the modern tort system. Causation in negligence law is laden with fundamental concepts of significant complexity that help to make a connection between a defendant’s wrongdoing and harm to a claimant.1 It...

Juvenile Crime in American Schools and the SRO Program

Introduction Violence has persistently pervaded American schools. Such acts not only distort school operations, but have also had the effect of posing a threat to peace loving students and the school fraternity in general (Crews et al, 2007, p11). Juvenile crime acts have often been associated to various causative factors....

DNA Profiling in Criminal Justice: A Case Study

Since its discovery, DNA was utilized in several ways. Except for the obvious usage in the field of genetics, its unique properties allowed it to be used in forensics as means of identification. Known as DNA profiling and sometimes DNA fingerprinting, the technique allows for an unusually precise and reliable...

Criminal Justice: American Landmark Cases Analysis

In Miranda v. Arizona, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the evidence collected by officers during a custodial interrogation is permissible in the court and is considered a valid proof of guilt only if the accused person was given the Miranda warnings and if there was no waiver (1966). Based...

Gun Control in the United States

Introduction The United States citizens are troubled by the ever-rising setback of violence (Pederson et al. 273-281). The American streets have turned out to be battlefields where even the aged are pounded for their credit card checks, frightened women are cruelly assaulted and raped, adolescent goons engage in shootouts in...

Challenges for International Police Officers in Reforming the National Police Force

Introduction Since the mid 1990s, there have been a number of agencies including the United Nations, NATO and the European Union involved in reforming the police forces across several post-conflict regimes. Many techniques have been extensively used by international special interest groups in the fight for police reforms and this...

Juvenile Delinquency And Recidivism

Review of the Literature The purpose of this section is to provide examples of the literature review undertaken for the proposed study. There is a wide variation in the approaches implemented to study juvenile offences in general and juvenile recidivism in particular. Understanding juvenile offences along with its causes and...

Criminal Justice Issues

Introduction The community experiences a burden that is linked from crime and violence. There exist direct consequences that are linked to the quality of life. These consequences may include the reduced lifespan, intensive feeling of insecurity and a change in the way people behave due to the reduction in the...

Crime Data Reports Usage

Introduction The use of crime data has been on the increase in the recent past. For instance, many organizations such as Forbes have, on many occasions, used crime data reports to compile a list of ‘America’s Safest Cities’, with the hope of encouraging people as well as law enforcers to...

Incarceration and Rehabilitation Impact in Crime Reduction

Introduction Historically, each civilization has managed to define and design methods to punish those who go against society’s codes of conduct. In the 16th and 17th centuries,’ Europe applied brutal or rather cruel methods of punishments in death and mutilation. In the mid and late 20th century, however, rehabilitation was...

Drug Courts, Recidivism, Quality of Life, and Employment

Introduction According to Nolan, Drug Courts are today’s resolve to criminal justice constraints when sourcing solutions to drug-related crimes (Nolan 2003, p. 1). Drug courts serve as a platform where drug offenders are treated rather than prosecuted. Nolan explains that the increasing number of drug offenders is stressing the justice...

Improving Connecticut Juvenile Prison Programs

Introduction Juvenile offenders have been prone to recidivism and the rates of juvenile recidivism have been very high in the United States. There are several reasons which have been suggested to explain the reasons for juvenile offending, including poverty and lack of effective educational programs (De la Torre, 1997; Siegel...

Intellectual Property Rights and the Internet

Copyright Issues The Internet has proved to be and proficient medium in spreading out information and due to this, it poses challenges to the typical values of copyright law. Most significantly, the internet provides the public with flawless duplicates of various things which includes pictures, animation, text, videos, and other...

Methodologies Used to Measure Acts of Juvenile Delinquencies

Juvenile Delinquencies Juvenile delinquency can be looked at as behavior that acts contrary to the already established norms and laws of society. For many decades juvenile delinquency has featured in the literature that concerns criminal behavior. Juvenile delinquency is a phenomenon in a society that appears to be apparently complicated...

Reducing Taxation by Recruiting Minor Criminals for the Military

Introduction There are only two certain things in this world: death and taxes (Michiels, 2007). This reality is important that most governments consider in bringing growth and development. Taxes serve as the direct source of government income. Without the taxes, it will be difficult for the government to provide basic...

Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency

Abstract Juvenile delinquency is prevented and controlled effectively to make sure young offenders are free from crimes through advising them and giving them moral support. The entire society participates actively all the time to reduce the rate of crime and report committed crimes to the justice system for disciplinary measures...

Liebeck vs. McDonald’s Case

Stories of frivolous lawsuits have become the most favorite quip of mass media. (Greenlee 1996). Do cases like Liebeck versus McDonald’s $2.9 million coffee spill-over case examples of the legal system run amok? Liebeck’s coffee spill-over case has become the poster child of all frivolous litigations. In this essay, we...

Violence and Society. Criminal and Delinquent Behavior

In the sociological context, crime can actually be defined as the breach of the rule of law. The governing authority, such as the state, can impose punishment on the perpetrators of such acts. This is usually done with the intention of correcting such persons and also serving as an example...

Homeland Security: Future Challenges

The main premise of this paper is that strict bureaucratic structures, inadequate finances, lack of coordination, reluctance to share intelligence information, fragmentation as opposed to integration, and a lack of accountability remain as the primary indicators of gaps in the US homeland security framework. Despite the mandate of the DHS...

The Juvenile Justice Process

Introduction Systems of Juvenile help to lower the rate of delinquency because; juveniles who are arrested do not repeat the same mistake again and are not taken backcourt. The fact that the majority of children in the community including those who live in the direst circumstances do not commit a...

Environmental Influences on Delinquency Juveniles

Opening Paragraph According to research, crime is taken by many people as a social problem that is very pressing and the greatest concern is about how violence among young people is becoming high. There is useful information available from self report studies and reports about crimes where many arrested people...

Victim Services in Your Community

There are a number of victim agencies that caught my eye when I was preparing this article. However there is this one firm called The Kennedy Victim Agency. This is actually the communities leading victim agency because it has helped over a hundred thousand people in the last two months...

White Collar Crime in Corporate World

White Collar Crimes: An Introduction “Fraud—the art of deliberate deception for unlawful gain—is as old as history; the term “white-collar crime” was reportedly coined in 1939 by Professor Edwin Sutherland and has since become synonymous with the full range of frauds committed by business and government professionals.” (White collar crimes)....

Worldview of “Supreme Court Justice” by David Brewer

Introduction Supreme Court Justice David Brewer was born to Christian missionaries on 20th January 1837 in Turkey. His parents returned to the USA and David Brewer studied law and started a law practice in Kansas. After some years, he joined the Leavenworth courts as a judge and after some years,...

USA & Sharing Intelligence

Introduction The importance of security to any country can’t be underestimated and the issue of making one’s homeland secure is complex and it doesn’t work in isolation with any one unit alone but requires cooperation and effort from different agencies and bodies of the country (DHS, 2006). Security can’t be...

No Child Left Behind – Adequate Yearly Progress

Outline The No Child Left behind Act program was introduced by the state department of education in 2001. Here the schools are expected to assess the yearly progress of the students using Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). The NCLB goals as set by the federal government for the year 2002- 20014...

Profiling Serial Killers: Literature Review

Abstract This essay reviews the literature on serial killers, principally the more newsworthy ones in contemporary times. In the process, we recognize that gender, age, child-rearing, social adjustment, the need to over-compensate for other areas of weakness in one’s life, and introversion are strongly associated with serial killers. We then...

Drugs, Values and Society. Drug Industry and Crime

Introduction Through the years, there has been increase in drug abuse and drug related crimes all over the world. It is of great significance to understand the connection between drugs and crime. This link can be sub-divided into categories. Acquisitive crime is when a drug user commits offenses to obtain...

Procedural Justice and State Courts in the US

Introduction This literature review aims to throw more light on the knowledge pertaining to the effects of race on the perceptions displayed in regard to the confidence and fairness in the state courts. The previous research available in this context has primarily focused on such perceptions in relation to the...

Industrial Espionage With the Relation to the Intellectual Property Rights

Abstract Industrial espionage became the real scourge of today’s business. Inspite that the whole organizations and legislative systems had been created to protect Intellectual Property Rights, the number of espionage cases tend to increase. This work is claimed to view the key international laws related to the IP, such as...

David Hume Dialogues and Natural History of Religion

Introduction David Hume born in Edinburgh in 1711 is a philosopher of the period known as British Empiricism. He attended the University of Edinburgh and was an intellectual associate of philosophers John Locke and George Berkeley although he did not graduate. A prolific writer, Hume dealt with many areas of...

White Collar Crime: Term Definition

Abstract Crimes at the municipal and national level are committed and the people involved are identified because they abuse others by engaging in illegal activities to benefit financially. Improved technologies help criminals to go unnoticed and continue to be a threat to the security of people. Boundaries between private and...

The Effect of Geospatial Intelligence on Homeland Security

Abstract Geospatial intelligence has become an important concept in homeland security. As criminal gangs and terror groups continue to use sophisticated strategies to achieve their goals, the need to use emerging technologies in fighting their activities has become critical. The United States has taken lead in the use of geographic...

Illicit Drug Decriminalization and Legalization

Abstract Drugs, drug abuse and the society is now an issue of great concern in the whole world and many countries are debating on the issue of decriminalization and legalization of illicit drugs. Although a great lesson was learnt from the America’s great experiment on the prohibition of drugs and...