Culture & Religion

Church Leadership: Conceptual Framework

The problem of effective leadership has become particularly topical for modern churches. According to a recent study by Jones,1 the drop in the number of church memberships observed over the past few decades has been quite staggering. The report indicates a stupendous drop of 70% in the number of church...

Ethical Issues of Corporate Sponsorships

Introduction to the study In today’s world, museums play a very important role than it used to play before. Museums not only act as a key tourist attraction, but they also act as a site where people exercise their leisure activities. When consumers visit museums, they normally spend a certain...

Undertaking Construction Projects in Emirates

Introduction The other major challenges that were noted are related to the economic disruptions because of the business cycles that are exaggerated. If these economic fluctuations are accompanied by exchange rate fluctuations, this could have an effect on the cash flow for the contractors, especially if their payments are denominated...

Safety Culture in an ICU: Omani Registered Nurses’ Perception

The appropriate introduction of safety culture seems to be properly administered on the basis of conventional logical method of deduction that is the transference from general to special notions. Thus, the initial notion of safety culture of practical nature can be formulated as the way safety issues are monitored or...

The Issue of Pornography in Church

Introduction Sometimes distinguishing between the clergy and the laity becomes difficult given the extraordinary behaviors that some clergymen portray. In unusual circumstances, even the pastors find themselves sinning. Poling (1994, p.118) states that “evil is systematic and organized at every level of human life, including in the religious level.” The...

Customer Relationship in a Cross-Cultural Context

Introduction This paper defines the nature and structure of the topic, ‘An Evaluation of Executives’ Perceptions of Customer Relationship Management in a Cross-cultural Context’ in the e-retailing industry. Customer care and the relationship between customers and the company depend on the nature of the strategy of the company and the...

Acts 1:9-14 Scripture Analysis

Introduction “When he had said this, as they were watching, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. While he was going and they were gazing up toward heaven, suddenly two men in white robes stood by them. They said, “Men of Galilee, why do...

“Graceful Evangelism” by Adeney

Introduction There are many religious and theological books whose authors try to introduce their points of view and prove the correctness of their chosen position with the help of personal examples of the evaluation of literature. Such approaches can be used by students to learn the world and the fields...

Transforming Evangelism: The Wesleyan Way of Sharing Faith

Evangelism is one of the most prominent religions of the western world. The evangelists recognize the Bible’s total authority and are devoted to Christ. Traditionally, religious communication and missionary activities play a significant role in evangelism. However, the majority of modern citizens cannot see themselves practicing it to its full...

Fasting as a Way to Achieve Spiritual Development

Introduction Fasting refers to the practice of abstaining from food, drink, and certain activities such as sexual intercourse for a certain period of time to pursue certain spiritual objectives. It is a common practice among many religions and spiritual movements that have been practiced for many centuries. It has variants...

Traditional Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity

Introduction Religious traditions affect people’s views concerning themselves, society, and nature. They lead to cropping of some characters and fears within people in the society in the past. They not only constrained the behaviors of people towards some specific points but also united people and nature. For instance, the Hindus,...

Critique of Books About God

Critique of Good to Great by Jim Collin Jim Collin’s Good to Great is a well-composed masterpiece that strategically reveals the reasons why some companies leap from ordinary level to greatness. Any reader with no idea of what a leading company is will get a clear picture of it based...

We No Longer Need to Have an Understanding of Grace Today

Most modern Christians seem to be at crossroads on whether the concept of grace is still relevant or not. There are some theological assertions that strongly deliberate that “we are no longer under the law but under the grace”. If the latter statement is not interpreted keenly, it may infer...

We No Longer Need to Have an Understanding of Grace Today

In religious and theological studies, grace depicts God’s love and mercy for humanity. Based on the current Christian understandings, it seems that the analysis of grace in the Bible begins in the Gospel of Mathew. According to most Christians, the birth of Jesus Christ signals the beginning of an age...

Application of Rituals in Diverse Contexts

Introduction Schwake (2008) defines rituals as properly organized set of actions that bear symbolic meanings. Different rituals occur within diverse societies. Indicatively, the basic principles behind rituals embed on traditional norms. Several personalities regard communities performing rituals to be archaic. Notably, this is a widely stereotyped perception within the contemporary...

Experiences of Native American Indian Women on and off Reservations

Introduction Human beings have no power of choosing where to be borne or under what culture to be brought up given the circumstances surrounding the birth process. As a result, many people find themselves under circumstances which they could not want to identify themselves with under different conditions. Many go...

Literature Review: GIS-Based Implementation

Spatial accessibility is important in ensuring equitable provision of resources to people of various population segments in both urban and rural setups. However, the efforts to implement the initiative have been limited by several barriers due to marginalization and distances to such facilities. This situation has made the provision of...

Sufism in Baghdad, the Sober and Intoxicated Forms of Mysticism

Religion and spirituality are the highly important subjects in the Islamic culture. Sufi thought is characterized by the attempt of those who practice it to intensify the individual inclusion in the reality of the divine. The teachings of Sufism have many opponents and supporters, and that is why there are...

Cross-Cultural Management Problems

Introduction This paper offers a cross-cultural briefing report to a new female Muslim manager who was transferred from Lebanon by Clever Clogs International in her mid-thirties to work in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The company, which operates in the finance industry, intends to change its banking system in the Netherlands through the...

Evangelism in a Cross-Cultural Environment

Introduction Evangelism is one of the ways through which gospel is proclaimed to people. The rate of the spread of the gospel grows exponentially to reach a greater multitude of different cultural origins. Evangelism is also a way of bringing people to Christianity, regardless of their cultural affiliations. The goal...

“Living Under God’s Law: Christian Ethics” by J. Frame

Summary The book Living Under God’s Law: Christian Ethics is a powerful collection of ideas about religion, its power over people, and the lessons people have to learn when they start taking care of their relations with God. John Frame is the author of the book explains the main idea...

James Petigru Boyce “Abstract of Systematic Theology”

Introduction The attempts to systematize the religious principles and theological teachings were made by many theologians during the 19th century, but the most significant contribution in this area was made by James Petigru Boyce. The book Abstract of Systematic Theology written by this famous theologian was published in 1887. It...

Issue of Social Justice in the Cherry Hill Church

Introduction The privilege of individuals to enjoy social justice is another dilemma that the church community still struggles to achieve. In America, although churches adhere to the principles of Christianity, the issues of racial discrimination sometimes pervade into the church systems and affect the peaceful coexistence among the believers (Walton,...

Honeyville Church: Denominational or Congregational?

Introduction The Christian denomination is wide and often takes the route of denominational or congregational form. Congregational churches are protestant. Congregational churches use congregational governance where each congregation autonomously controls its church affairs (Wind, Burck, Camenisch, & McCann, 1991). Congregational churches normally appear as small units of churches. Conflicts are...

Postmodernism and Consumer Society by Fredric Jameson

Introduction In the article, “Postmodernism and Consumer society”, by Fredric Jameson, the author attempts to review postmodernism as a concept that attracts the attention of most scholars. Unlike some of the scholars who try to link modernism and postmodernism, Jameson contradicts the two concepts. However, he focuses on a variety...

Redemptor Hominis: The Redeemer of Man by Pope John Paul II

Introduction John Paul II commenced his duties as a Pope when the Catholic Church was going through intricate moments. The church experienced condemnation and self-doubt, which were major indicators of disintegration. Indeed, the contemporary world, which had attested to have positive evolutions to humankind, brought threats to the lives of...

Christian Ethics Final Moral Question Project

Statement of Question When speaking about housing, the majority of the general population imagines a building where people live. They do not consider the fact that it is more than just a set of bricks and mortar[1]. Actually, it is a basic human need, of which many individuals are deprived...

A Sense of Cultural Self-Identity: Stereotypes and Cultural Values

There can only be few doubts that one’s awareness of the factors that contribute to the formation of the sense of cultural self-identity in people will come as an indispensable asset within the context of how he or she may go about striving to attain social/professional prominence. The validity of...

Post-Haiti Evangelism Reflection

Introduction Evangelism is the way of preaching the word of God or the gospel with the aim of convincing or converting individuals.1 An intention to persuade implies that people need more than to receive the gospel. Evangelism does not only teach or persuade people by explaining, elaborating, and answering questions,...

How Various Races and Ethnicities View the Library

Introduction Libraries collect and preserve information and therefore should be accessible to all, regardless of race or ethnicity. However, there have been racial and ethnic disparities in access to library services and hiring of library employees. Over the years, many libraries have attempted to develop programs that will ensure that...

Diversity Management in the Age of Globalization

Background of the Problem Historically, the concept of diversity in an organization was understood as the degree of responsibility, equal remuneration, and mutual respect, which an employee could rely on regardless of his or her skin color or culture (Barak, 2016). Diversity should be comprehended as a broader and more...

How Various Races and Ethnicities View the Library

Introduction “The average American intellectual standard is lower than the average Japanese standard because of the blacks and Hispanics in the U.S” (Acuña, p. 29). This is a remark made by Yasuhiro Nakasone, a Japanese Prime minister, when he was making reference to the intellectual differences between people of different...

“The Islamist” by Ed Husain

Book Review Ed Husain is an Islamic fundamentalist who has the vigor to tell his story about Islamism. He was born and brought up by his parents in England. They were calm and moderate observers of Islamic faith.1 In his book, The Islamist: Why I Joined Radical Islam in Britain,...

Move: What 1,000 Churches Reveal About Spiritual Growth: Book Critique

Reasons to become followers of Christ can be different, but religious leaders and researchers agree that the church plays a key role in helping a person become a believer and a Christ-centered individual. In their work Move: What 1,000 Churches Reveal about Spiritual Growth, Hawkins and Parkinson focused on the...

Book Critique: Spiritual Formation as if the Church Mattered

“Spiritual Formation as if the Church Mattered” by James Wilhoit reflects the notion of the spiritual formation. The book examines such a fundamental issue as the role of the local church in the development of spirituality. The first chapter of the book dedicates the meaning of Gospel. Precisely speaking, Wilhoit...

Unreached People Group Project: Fulani People of the Gambia

Introduction The goal of promoting native missions is to propagate the gospel into regions that are yet to be reached. The Western part of Africa is concentrated by such unreached zones, waiting to hear the gospel. After the reconciliation of man with God upon the death and resurrection of Jesus,...

Presentation for the Russian Musical Society

The Russian Musical Society was founded in St. Petersburg in 1859, and this event attracted the public’s attention because of perspectives that could open for Russian musicians, composers, and listeners as representatives of different social classes (Sargeant 54). In order to focus on the social context related to the establishment...

Socio-Cultural Challenges: An IRA-Nian Perspective

Sustainable Development seeks to achieve a best compromise position or establish a win-win scenario between three dimensions; social wellbeing (e.g. health and safety), economic performance (e.g. profitability, reliability, business), and environmental impact (e.g. water pollution, air emissions, soil quality, waste management). However, much of the theory underpinning sustainable development has...

Haitian-hood: Past and Modernist Experience

Introduction The present literature review aims to reveal the essence of Haitian nationalism, ethics and self-care, and the anthropology of trauma. Through the interweaving of these topics, one may understand the history, religion, and culture of Haitian people, their complicated past and present, and may see the development of Haitian-hood...

Ethnicity and Religion Impact on the Second Language Acquisition of Muslims Males

The aim of this paper is to look into effects of religious and ethnicity practices on acquisition of second language by male Muslims in Australian community. This essay employs qualitative techniques to investigate aspects of Muslim’s origin, cultural, attitude, and religion and their impacts on acquisition of second language such...

Children’s Worship: The Spiritual Value

Introduction In diverse circumstances, human beings are prone to worship God in various ways. Worship is viewed as an integral constituent of Christians’ lives. There are numerous creative ways through which people engage in holistic worship of God. However, there is a titanic controversy over the implication and forms of...

“The Sociology of Culture” by Reynolds Williams

Introduction Williams explores the concept of cultural analysis based on three definitions of culture. The ideal definition considers culture as “…a state or a process of human perfection in terms of certain absolute or universal values” (Williams 60). It can also be looked up in terms of social aspects. From...

Biblical Theology of Missions

Introduction The phenomenon of mission theology is no more a foreign idea. Apparently, missiology has gained much interest in the professional aspects of ministry. Even though mission theology developed as a practical discipline due to its application nature, a new concept has emerged to give missiology a theological viewpoint. Apparently,...

Reflection: Is Sufism a Cult?

Sufism originated from the Islamic faith and the followers of Sufism are called Sufis. They believe in turning away from worldly things and focussing on God only. To them, poverty is a sign that they are not associated with worldly things. In a real sense, poverty is what everyone is...

Church Leadership Model

Leaders play an essential role in making any organization a sustainable place and promoting its growth. Church leaders also take a crucial part in the empowerment of disciples and inspiring them to live in accordance with Christian values, including the missionary service. However, today’s globalized societies pose significant difficulties that...

Religious Study and Theology: Duration of Millennium

Introduction Millennium is taken to mean one thousand years. It includes the end of the world and the coming of Jesus Christ on earth. Millennium is not only valued by Christians but other cultures also have such common believe concerning the transformation of the earth, the end of the world...

T. Merton: Contemplation and Struggle for Peacemaking

Introduction Thomas Merton (1915 -1968) has been a great and permanent teacher of spiritual life. He has opened new boundaries of spiritual life for novel era (Kathleen, Para 2). He has introduced himself to the lost souls of the twentieth century and has tried to understand human being’s existential quandary...

Canonization of the Bible Analysis

Introduction Canonization was the process in which the sixty-six books of the bible were written and chosen to be included in it. Canons see canonical books as authoritative writings meant to spiritually inspire and nourish. These are books that were written under the influence of the Holy Spirit of God,...

Cultural Variations Models

Regional Issues One of the main challenges facing the central Africa region is poverty. Poverty is undoubtedly one of the greatest hindrances towards the achievement of individual goals. This has hampered growth in all aspects and brings about a lot of social and economic problems. Lack of decisive action by...

Aspects of Afro-Caribbean People

Black Atlantic Striving to be both White and Black takes some particular form of double consciousness. The modern black Europeans, such as the Anglo-Africans of the earlier generations stood between two immense cultural assemblages, both of which have mutated through the course of the modern world, which formed them and...

Empowerment and Disempowerment of Women in Hinduism

Articles that define the role of women in the Hindu religion are found in Hindu deities. The role of women in Hinduism is usually disputed across discussion groups with some defining it as intolerant while others deeming it to be fair1. There has been a reference to the perfect woman...

The Crusaders and the Catholic Church

Nowadays, it became a common trend among politically correct historians to evaluate the legacy of Crusades through methodological lenses of psychology. That is while referring to the religion of Christianity as being beneficial to humankind in general, these historians explain Christian atrocities by the fact that those who considered themselves...

Intercultural Communication and Staff in Tourism

Introduction Globalization has presented a new twist in the tourism sector. Many problems have emerged between tourists and their host communities in many aspects. The problem emanates from the different cultural backgrounds of the hosts and the tourists. According to Richardson (2001), many of these problems occur because researchers in...

“The Origin of Species” by Charles Darwin Review

Introduction / Thesis The extent, to which Christianity has rooted itself into the public consciousness, is best illustrated by the fact Gregorian calendar has the birth of Jesus Christ as its starting point. This is the reason why people who study Greek and Roman antiquity, often get to experience a...

Theory of Leadership in the Early Christian Church

Introduction Pastors and counselors of the church are confounded with various, difficult tasks of managing and counseling, as well as responsibilities of administration, leadership, and running the different affairs of the church. They are however aided by their Board of Directors or Councils, volunteers, and organizations within their respective communities....

Theology of Christian Community

Outline The outline of this theological paper is about Christian Theology according to Trinitarian Theory. The paper starts with Bilezikian’s view of Trinity as an important base of Christian Theology and explores the concepts of Trinity and practices as well to follow it to experience the grace of God. Though...

Healing in New Religions Review

Introduction The material world seems more increased when people began thinking about and dealing with the spiritual side of the Universe. The issue of man’s interest in the sphere of inner, non-material and non-scientific fields of engagement is always wider and wider. The quest for cure is of great significance...

How the Arab Pop World Objectifies the Women’s Body

Introduction Seated around a lunch table at the Higher Institute of Music in Damascus, Maya Yousef and twins Nadia and Hala Muhamna – members of an all-girl’s classical music ensemble – offer vociferous protest. “[These music videos are] not about being openminded,” says Nadia, whose trendy skirt and top would...

Worldview in “Naming the Elephant” by James Sire

Introduction James Sire’s book Naming the Elephant is a serious look at the concept of the worldview. At its most basic form, Sire defines a worldview as a set of presuppositions that exist in relative concert with each other. While we have no real rational reasons for holding to these...

The Influence of the Hip Hop Culture on African American Youth.

Introduction While discussing and analyzing the influence of the hip hop music on African American young people, it is necessary to take into consideration the influence of this musical culture on the politics and the internal policies within the United States. It is also important for one to concern the...

The Concept of Evangelism. Christianity.

What is the first actual thing that comes to your mind when you hear the word evangelism? Definition Evangelism is sharing good news/the gospel about salvation which is through Jesus Christ. It is fully obedience to the great commission (Matthew 28:18-20; Mark 16:15; Acts 1:8). The great aim of evangelism...

Apologetics. “Reason for the Hope Within” by Murray

Introduction In our own existence, we often ask hard questions and beg for interpretations of issues and events that continue to affect us. Many are those who continue to struggle to comprehend doctrines about the existence of God, the possibility that miracles do happen, the problem of evil and human...

Christian Political Engagement

Introduction The process of interaction between the religion and politics takes place in every society, however the degree to which theses phenomena influence each other are differed. In the context of the interaction of religion and politics the US is a unique country. No place in the world has the...

The Nature of God and the Day of Atonement

Theology/Religious Studies – Biblical studies In each and every society, religion is an integral part of the complex whole, and it helps to explain what human beings cannot explain as well as enforcing social order in the society. Religion is made up of belief systems that can be described as...

Old and New Testaments: Deuteronomy 32 in Hebrews

The book of Hebrews has prominence in the Hermeneutics for its intertextuality with the Old Testament scriptures. The Book of Hebrews starts as a Sermon and ends as letter. Though there is a much debate on who the author is, the book of Hebrews has significance as it offers base...

Pascal’s Argument About God and “Many Gods Objection”

The existence of God has been one of the most fundamental questions that human philosophical thoughts have debated from time to time. According to the modern and pragmatic arguments, believing in God, not considering whether or not God exists, is useful to humanity. Blaise Pascal’s wager holds that believing in...

The Reliability of the New Testament

Introduction The reason it is important to question the reliability of the New Testament is because it links itself with history. Throughout the New Testament there are numerous historical references that establish the books as intrinsically linked with world events. Particularly for the unbeliever, before the revealed word can be...

Theology of the New Testament.

Summary Traditionally, the Christians regard the New Testament as the fulfillment of the promises of the Old Testament. The New Testament narrates tale of the life of Jesus and interprets their theological significance for the early church, concentrating specifically on the new Covenant between God and the Disciples of Christ....

Differences Between the Brazilian and American Cultures

Abstract Every country has its own unique values, beliefs, and ethical principles which vary according to the culture practiced. Cultural practices affect not only the way people live their lives but also how businesses are conducted. This paper aims to examine the culture of Brazil including its values, practices, and...

Fasting in Christianity and Islam

For an episode of time, humans have been engaged in a religious, as well as, traditional practice in which, food, drinks, etc. have been abstained willingly by them, and have been referred to by the term ‘fasting’. In this regard, a number of variations in fasting have been observed throughout...

How the New Testament Used Prophecy of the Old Testament

Introduction There is a widely held opinion among many theologians and literary critics that there is virtually no connection between the Old and the New Testaments, and that there is no reason to view them as the two parts of the whole. They support their argument in the following way,...