Economics

Economic Effect of Private Equity Industry

Introduction Private equity is a term that is used in economics to describe a class of assets that do not directly trade on the stock exchange. This term has quite often been used synonymously with buyout investments. Private equity involves investment in an already operating company through the purchase of...

Economics of Education in the East Asian Region

Introduction The connection between economy and education has always been inevitable because these two spheres of human activities are interrelated and interdependent. The contemporary society may be defined as a society of the future due to numerous innovations which are invented daily and which help this society to develop. According...

The Effect of Leverage in a Competitive Market

Abstract This research paper dwells on the effects of leverage in a competitive market. As such, the paper seeks to establish whether or not the practice of leverage impacts on the level of competitiveness of a firm relative to its competitors in the market. Besides, this research paper explores the...

Solid Bio-Fuel and Its Potential in the Russian Market

Introduction The use of fossil fuel brings about environmental pressure as well as pressure on international relations. The strains that occur on the environment like the occurrence of the acid rain, the increasing problem of global warming that brings about change in the climate, and the occurrence of smog are...

Oligopoly Market Structure in South Africa

Introduction Oligopoly market structure consists of few sellers who sell homogenous products which are differentiated in the eyes of the buyers. In South Africa, petroleum industry is an example of an oligopoly market because it has few sellers who serve the whole market (Thompson 2001). These sellers include Total South...

The Roles of Foreign Direct Investment in the Egypt Economy

Introduction Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been widely considered as a major stimulus to economic growth and development in developing countries. This is mainly due to its perceived possession of the wherewithal to overcome the major operational obstacles that impede growth in these countries like technology, financial resources and skills...

The Impact of Pricing Strategy on Consumer Purchasing Behavior

Introduction Pricing is one of the four factors considered in the marketing mix. Others include the product, place, and packaging. Marketers consider pricing as one of the key factors that determine the success of their products and not because competition has brought about lower prices and a wider choice for...

Global Political Economy: Aims and Perspectives

Outline The general area of investigation is the sphere of political economy, the principles and tendencies, which are observed in the global processes of political economy. Originally, political economy is the sphere of the economy, which is obeyed to political necessities and relations within and among countries. As for the...

UK Economic State After the Global Turn Down

Introduction This paper will focus on the current economic state of the UK after the global economic turn down. The global economy is just recovering from the global economic crisis that resulted from the high debt burdens on the consumer following the “easy money policy” (Hm Treasury, 2009). This paper...

The Impact of Foreign Stock Market Indices on a Islamic Index

Introduction History of Indexing Stock market indexes summarize movements in the stock market but the former developed centuries after markets came into being. The London Stock Exchange, for example, commenced informally in a coffeehouse with handwritten lists of stocks and commodity prices as far back as 1698. The English colonists...

Determinants of Location for Foreign-Owned and Exporting Firms in China

The perfect location is a vital component in the success of a business. The right location gives a company access to transport, labour, customers and raw materials. It is a critical element in a company’s setup plan which should be part of its whole corporate strategy. While market size is...

Central Banks Monetary Policies

Introduction Economics is the basis for the development of human society. Today, all spheres of human activity are based on economic factors and work to achieve economic and financial goals. Accordingly, any difficulties faced by the economy of every particular country become instantly reflected in the social life, industrial development,...

Franchising in Kuwait Business

Introduction Background information According to Al-Wugayan and Turki (2009, p.1), the global business environment has undergone rampant growth over the past few years. This has resulted from the fact that society is increasingly embracing the concept of entrepreneurship. This has been witnessed by both the developed and developing economies. In...

Public Finance and the Budgetary Process

Introduction The cut throat competition in the current business world has forced government and non government agencies to adopt budgets as a technique of ensuring that the scarce resources at their exposure are well utilized. A good budget entails a list of all sources of revenue that a business or...

The Brand Selection and Factors Affecting Consumer Choices

Abstract The consumer purchase decision is not made in a vacuum. There are a number of factors, which determine whether a person will purchase or not purchase a product or a brand. This paper gives an in-depth description of these factors, which can be cultural, social, personal, or psychological. Cultural...

Regional Inequality of Yogyakarta

The issues of poverty and inequality have always been burning in human society. Some people earn more money and display higher wealth levels, while other experience a lack of money for living, education, health care, etc. Indonesia, as a developing country, is not an exception because inequality can be observed...

Investigating Customer Opinions on Loyalty Programmes: A Study of Malaysian Credit Cards

Introduction Credit cards are increasingly being made more attractive for consumers by providing them with offers of attractive customer loyalty programs. Loyalty programs help improve product revenues for the card issuer through increased use of the cards and enhanced value perceptions for the cards by customers. While loyalty programs have...

Risk Management Application to the Islamic Banking

Abstract There are indications that Islamic banking is tremendously gaining popularity and expanding fast when compared with the other mainstream banks. Research indicates that even as a majority of the other banks were hardest hit by the ongoing global economic crisis, none of the Islamic banks closed down. There are...

Dividends and Stock Prices

Introduction The interactions between dividends payouts and the effect this has on the stock prices is an issue that elicited mixed reactions amongst academicians and scholars alike. This is mainly because dividend impacts on stock valuation, in addition to tax policy, as they apply to the stockholders of a firm...

Environmental and Natural Resource Economics by J. Harris

Environmental problems that humanity now faces and the necessity of their urgent solving lead to the idea that the environment can no longer be viewed as an entity separate from the economy. A thorough analysis of contemporary environmental issues from the point of view of economic effects and the impact...

Legal Requirements for UK and Chinese IPOs

Introduction IPOs involve the sale of a company’s shares to the public for the first time.1 Based on the nature of traded securities in the stock exchange market, IPOs are generally risky because they involve speculative behaviors among investors.2 Most IPOs involve major global corporations, but cases of smaller firms...

Consumers and Their Behaviors

Abstract The purpose of this report is to examine how do customer make a choice on instant noodle and perceive the buying behavior. The aim of this project is to examine how customer makes a choice on instant noodle and how the buying behavior influences the product. No doubt, food...

“The Next Global Stage” by Kenichi Ohmae

Introduction In today’s world, when traditional political and economic terminology can hardly be used to effectively define the realities of post-industrial living, it becomes the matter of foremost importance for just about anybody, to understand how the rapid development of informational technologies, along with continuous deterioration of classical concept of...

Managing Technology in Chinese Context

Abstract Today, China literally becomes a talking point at all international forums. Besides some other issues involving human rights, Tibet, Taiwan etc. the rapid progress made by the country on the trade and industry front has provided a leading edge to China. China has seen remarkable growth in its economy...

How the Economy Affects the Family Over a Decade.

Introduction The economists did not pay much attention to the problems of family up to 1950. But since that time the economic analyses is used to explain the choice I marriage, the reason for divorce, the number of children in the family, the size of investments in to the capital...

China’s Rapidly Growing Economy

Abstract China boasts of being the third-largest economy around the world following the United States and Japan and has a gross domestic product of US$ 3.7 trillion in this year’s statistics which are attributed to the exchange rate terms. China is also placed a strong number two in economic prowess...

Peugeot Citroen: Investment Plan for Russia

Background of Peugeot Citroen’s investment Russia The Chinese Automobile market has been flourishing from 2002. however, the country’s automotive sales have grown by 25 percent a year—up from 10 percent a year between 1997 and 2001—and in 2006 China overtook Japan, to become the world’s second-largest market for automobiles. What’s...

Regional Innovation Economics and Its Actors

Introduction Economical innovation on different levels has become a subject for discussion lately. The importance of this phenomenon is hard to overestimate; while the economy of every country is constantly developing, innovation is one of the main processes which signal this development. Some of the branches may need more time...

Short Run Versus Long Run Production

Introduction Short run is the period of time when quantity of one input is at fixed level and other inputs have varied quantities. In the long run, there are varied quantities of all the inputs. There is no fixed time for separating short run from long run because; distinction varies...

The Chinese Consumers

Introduction Analysis of the customer business sphere of any particular geographic region is closely associated with the sociological research and the analysis of the gained results. The aim of this paper is to systematize the gained results, as well as provide thee analysis of the collected data in the context...

City of Phoenix Downtown Revitalization

Current research represents a comprehensive analysis of Phoenix, Arizona’s downtown infrastructure including existing elements and future projects of its modernization and revitalization. There is no denying the importance of the fact that public administration both in theory and in practice is characterized by the perception of City as a complex...

Regional Disparities in China Causes

Introduction Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in China is one of the most flagrant outcomes of China’s open door policy, which was implemented in December 1978. China became the largest FDI recipient by replacing the United States (US). During the year 1998, China had engrossed $267 billion worth of FDI and...

Investigation of Foreign Exchange for Hedging in India

Introduction Derivatives as a risk management tool gained prominence during the period of oil shocks which marked a time of extreme volatility and market uncertainty. In 1971 the erstwhile fixed foreign exchange system was abolished and a system of market foreign exchange set in (Taylor)1. But in India, the policy...

Transnational Corporations in Developing Countries

Introduction Developing countries also referred to as third world countries may be described as having low levels of economic development including income levels and industrialization. Over the years, transnational corporations have diversified their operations to developing countries causing various effects, both positive and negative, for instance, the economic development and...

UAE Banks Estimation: Dividend Discount Modelling

A brief and comprehensive summary of the proposal The United Arab Emirates has emerged as a safe haven for investors and businesses as the state has successfully implemented its trade, fiscal and monetary policies, which cultivate major financial inflows and revenue. The UAE includes oil-rich countries such as Abu Dhabi...

What Is the Relationship Between Neoliberalism and Global Governance?

Introduction The last decades of 20th century have been marked with the emergence of new socio-political reality, which now is being discussed in terms of Globalization. This reality’s most obvious characteristic is the fact that in “brave borderless world”, the traditional principles of political governing are being increasingly deprived of...

Globalization and the Multinational Corporations

Introduction The international business scenario and the total world economic environment are undergoing profound instances of change. Factors like the fast pace of the development in technology, changes in the world markets due to rapid changes in consumer preferences and tastes, formation of large global corporations due to mergers and...

Currency Risk Management: Simulating the Canadian Dollar

This study has been primarily conducted to assess the best Statistical Model that could be used for interpretation of Currency Returns under the Three required Models: Sharpe Model, Random walk model and VAR (α= 0.01). Risk and returns have complimentary influences in the context of investments and tend to be...

Foreign Direct Investment in Indian Retail Industry

Introduction “India is poised as the most favourite FDI destination in South East Asia, outpacing China” (IGRM 2006). FDI is the short form of Foreign Direct Investment. Direct investment means the involvement in direct ownership of foreign based assembly or manufacturing facilities. When the market is big enough, then the...

Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank and National Bank of Abu Dhabi

Executive Summary This research paper reviews the impact of different motivational strategies on organisational performance. The paper examines the different motivational strategies within the United Arabs Emirate’s banking sector with reference to the National Bank of Abu Dhabi and the Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank. Through primary search, the research paper...

Tth Advantage Chain: Antecedents to Rent From Internal Corporate Ventures

An Analytical Approach The authors have dwelled at length on the necessity of generation of valuable new resources, combination specific to the firm, which alone it may exploit. Five thrust areas identified are 1) Causal understanding 2) Team proficiency 3) New competency 4) Distinctive competency 5) Competitive advantage, and these...

The Competitiveness of the Hungarian Economy From the Viewpoint of Foreign Investors

Abstract The work ‘The Competitiveness of the Hungarian Economy from the viewpoint of Foreign Investors in Business Consulting Services’ is devoted to the peculiarities of the Hungarian economy. This issue id of current importance today, because I political and social situations in the countries of Eastern Europe. According to a...

Economics in Computer Science as a Research Interest

Introduction Human curiosity and strive for knowledge have necessitated the union of studies in various domains of sciences. The developments in knowledge-gathering spheres have led to the increase of more interdisciplinary and interdepartmental programs which have been implemented in universities. There is more and more interdisciplinary research done in various...

Impact of Dollar Rates on the European Economy

Introduction Theoretical framework The purpose of this chapter is to provide evaluators with background information on this paper’s research proposal, therefore establishing a ‘framework’ by means of which it is possible to understand main aims of this study (Wilkinson, 1991, p.96). Recently, international financial markets became tense after news emerging...

Marginal Analysis: Optimal Decisions and Estimation Techniques

Introduction Speaking on the issue of the marginal analysis, it is necessary to point out that it is frequently used in both the microeconomic and macroeconomic theory to evaluate the marginal change in any economic variable. The economic variable is usually regarded as a quantity of a well produced or...

Portfolio Selection Using Futures Arbitrage Pricing

Abstract Arbitrage Pricing theories are a set of generalised methodologies used to calculate expected return on a riskless financial asset under different time-cost constraints which guarantee cash flow regardless of market direction. They find extensive application in diverse situations: inflation/GNP analysis, bonds, stocks, derivatives, commodities and foreign exchange currency trading...

Air Transport Development and Economic Growth

The Middle East is becoming an international aviation hub, with Dubai and Doha emerging as the most robust cities in terms of growth of air transport. In this study, the focus was to investigate the relationship between air transport development and economic growth, with special reference to the aviation sector...

Financial Scams: Issue Review

Introduction With the continuous technological development and the revolutionary progress of internet based communication system, life is becoming easier gradually. People are getting highest-level of benefits from the computer-based technologies, thus the prosperity in life becomes a function of technology. Besides, of the positive sides of the technology-based communication, it...

Australian Trade Unions: Future Strategies

Introduction Remarks The relations between the human beings within the society have always been a matter of complex processes regulated according to the established rules and regulations. The processes that concern the employment issues have been long displaying the signs of controversy observed in the relations between the supporters of...

Economics and Regional Planning

Introduction The emergence of China from a sluggish Maoist economy to become the world’s fastest-growing developing country has been one the most outstanding phenomenon of the last half-century. The country’s rapid expansion has seen it leapfrog the established industrialized countries to become the second-largest economy after the United States exceeding...

Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty

Abstract Aim of the Research The main aim of the research is to determine the relationship between customer satisfaction and price, product as well as service quality as well as a reflection by market share. This venture is achieved by using Pearson’s Correlation Model. Participants The study involves people sampled...

Ecological Economics, Its Contribution and Success

Abstract Globalization has led to multi-disciplinary approaches being developed in a bid to tackle the problems that are coming up. The relationships that exist between the economic systems of the world and the ecosystem have been of great concern to the economic world. In a bid to address the effects...

Nigerian Economy: Agriculture and Trade Relations

Abstract The dissertation is based on a mixed methodology research approach to analyze and discuss the Role of Agriculture and FDI in the economic development of Nigeria. It also discusses the ways through which the Nigerian agriculture, FDI and Trade sector can play effective role in the economic development of...

David Harvey’s Contributions to Understanding Globalization: Strengths and Weaknesses

Introduction The theoretical base of globalization and principles for development faces different philosophical and economical approaches. In this respect, the drive for understanding how globalization spreads in the contemporary world props up against the previous hypothesis. The historical analysis of the humanity in past few centuries admits the fastened tempos...

Bank Loyalty in Greece from a Customer’s View

Introduction According to most recent statistical data, the level of bank and customer loyalty in Greece has drastically dropped over the course of the last ten years (Mikopoulos, 2008, p 24). In part, this can be ascribed to the advent of new banking institutions and the increase in competition. In...

How Does Packaging Influence Buyer Decision Making

Acknowledgments This study may not be achievable without the cooperation, guidance and support and of a few person and organization. University adopted Supervisor Dr. —PQR1—, Lecturer, Department of Marketing, ABC University, was the resource of the inspiration and motivation to this dissertation effort. He has provided vital assistance along all...

Active Learning as a Managerial Economics Review

Abstract Active learning involves the use of inverse functions where the direct demand function is expressed as an inverse. Functions of two or more independent variables use the coefficient of determination and are expressed as a percentage with a high percentage indicating that the correlation between dependent and independent variables...

Scarcity of Goods and Services and the Choice

Scarcity is the limited supply of goods and services which means that what people want is more than what is available. Scarcity puts limitations on individuals and society because individuals will have limited income to be able to afford all that they need and society will have limited resources such...

Bursting the Japanese Economic Bubble

After World War II the much vaunted Japanese Imperial Army was humiliated by the Allied Powers led by the United States of America. The Americans occupied Japan but they did not conquer the Land of the Rising Sun; instead the U.S. government taught the struggling government that democracy is much...

Behavioral Economics and Political Ideologies Relations

It has often been observed that, although the decisions of economists could promote economic growth, such decisions may not be really rational ones. Economic models evolve predictions that are consistent with the micro-level data on decisions including experimental evidence. In this context, the primary work of behavioral economists centered around...

Economics. Fiscal Policy and Its Effectiveness

Abstract The effectiveness of fiscal policy is very wide and significant in modern economy. The concept of fiscal policy was introduced by Keynes. He worked out the policy under a recessionary economy and he became famous for his prescription. More then half a century most of the developed countries are...