Natural Science

The Concept of Pharmacogenetic Testing

Pharmacogenetics is a field of study that entails examining the impact of genes on the body’s response to specific medications. This field is also referred to as pharmacogenomics. Genes are made up of DNA sequences that hold information about unique physical traits. However, they also influence the safety and efficacy...

Motivational Actions That Stimulate People to Become Novice Entrepreneurs

Summary The focus of this chapter is on research design. The study addresses the disparity in knowledge surrounding motivationally stimulated experiences or incidents that happen to trigger an available worker (AW) to become a novice entrepreneur (NE). It also focuses on how published work on the characteristics of the available...

Oil-Water-Gas Flows: An Experimental System

Introduction The fundamental nature of the flow of oil, gas, and water in a three-phase stage characterizes the transportation of petroleum mostly from offshore hydrocarbon production and transportation points to onshore storage. In the production stages, water plays a significant role in the regulation of pressure. Pressure changes are critical...

Yield Management From Saudi Arabia Hotels

Introduction Implementation of research results relies fundamentally on the conclusions we mitigate from the results. Quality and accurate findings undergo criticism to evaluate between the conclusions that we make. These conclusions assist humanity to develop and establish incredible strategies of performing to prosper in their day-to-day life situations. It is...

Geographical Information Systems for Urban Management

Introduction Geographic information system (GIS) is a term used to describe a comprehensive system that has been designed to manage, analyze, manipulate, store, capture and present geographical data (Longley 2005, p. 21). GIS entails complex use of database technology, cartography as well as statistical analysis. It is an important tool...

Neutrase From Bacillus Amyloliquefacians: The Effect of Storage

Abstract Enzymes retain their activity and stability over a range of temperatures and time. Typically, that is the case with Neutrase, which is obtained from Bacillus Amyloliquefacians. Experimental data showed behavioral changes for Neutrase when subjected to temperature and time parameters. It showed a denaturing effect of temperature and time...

Research Methods in IAQ Overview

Research methods Survey methods are used when one plans on collecting descriptive information. They may be structured, unstructured, direct, or indirect. Researchers can use the survey method, through questionnaires and interviews, to collect data about various variables. One then uses analytical techniques to make inferences between the variables (McBurney &...

Radiation Spectroscopy With NaI (TI) Scintillators

Introduction The use of thallium-activated sodium iodide as a scintillation material marked the beginning of the contemporary epoch of gamma-ray spectroscopy. The introduction of thallium-activated sodium iodide enabled scientists to detect gamma rays. Today, gamma-ray spectroscopy through scintillators has advanced into an established science. Spectroscopy is applied in varied scientific...

1d – 2d Flood Modeling Using PCSWMM

Abstract This study was conducted to develop a 2D model from the 1D model. 1D models, which have been used for flood modeling have shown significant weaknesses, which prompted research into 2D modeling of floods. The main weaknesses of the 1D model are that they are unsuitable for urban and...

Development of Spatial Decision Support for Cities Sustainability

Importance of analyzing spatial city sustainability factors Research by Banai (2005, p.4) shows that the use of geospatial data provides a wide range of solutions to the problems encountered by governments in different areas of land and environmental mapping. Some of the critical areas where geospatial data is applied include...

Amine Grafting Into Microporous Material

Introduction In today’s world, advances in science and technology are responsible for the development of new components meant to improve human life. At the center of these developments is the new materials used to make several products used by man. Depending on the desired properties of an object, a given...

Fabrication of Resonant Tunnelling Diodes

Hall Effect Measurements Before the discovery of quantum mechanics only the resistance R and conductance G considered as measurable physical quantities. Quantum mechanics deals with complex electrical transport measurement. i.e. density n and mobility µ. A Hall Effect measurement utilizes two sample geometries: Long and narrow hall bar Van der...

Triazines Structure and Synthesis

Introduction A multi-component reaction (MCRs) is a combination of chemistry and molecular biology in solving the emerging issues in the medical industry. The reaction is not only environmental friendly but also cheap thus its frequent application in the manufacture of triazine derivatives. Currently, scientists are applying MCR technique in the...

Factors Affecting Resistivity Tools

Background There are varying types of resistivity tool; there designs are functional of the environmental conditions of their place of application (Meyer, 1998). For example, CBG Corporation recently improved upon their resistivity tools designs to revolutionize Geosteerers which are advancement over gamma probes to ensure reliability and ease drilling by...

Chemistry: Reactive Metabolites

Introduction The process of developing and introducing new drugs involves mainly the biotransformation of drugs that are already in existence. This processes result in chemically reactive metabolites of varying pharmacological and toxicological effects, which necessitates the need for profiling and screening, in order to identify the general beneficial effects of...

The Role of Multicomponent Reactions

Abstract In science, when more than three or more chemical elements combine within a single system or vessel to form a component the resultant product is a compound that has in it some of the chemical properties of the individual elements. This type of reaction is referred to as a...

Site-Directed Mutagenesis on Double Stranded DNA

Introduction Programmed removal of a region of DNA and the introduction of predetermined DNA sequence is an important process in molecular biology that allows for manipulation of genes to yield the desired phenotypic expressions. Site directed mutagenesis is one of the methods applied in modern genetic studies to manipulate nucleotide...

Biosphere: Sydney in Australia

Abstract The green spaces in Australia mainly comprise of reserves and parks. Green space acts as a source recreation, relaxation, adventure, and inspiration. They are also home to various plants and animal species. Due to the high rate of industrial development and a rapid increase in Australia’s population, this has...

Genetics: Zinc Finger Protein 42 (Rex-1) in Mice

Introduction The genetic expression of specified cell types is a clear achievement of activities of gene in the development of organisms. In this category, REX1 has the longest history as a marker gene that belongs to stem cells of undifferentiated pluripotent which dates back to 1989. The function of Rex-1...

Resonant Like Dependence of Yeast Growth Rate on Microwave Frequency

Introduction The interaction of the different processes of life and electromagnetic fields has always intrigued scientists and researchers since when it was found in the early 18th century [8]. Since then the scientists have worked with different frequency ranges of which the most important ones are the microwave frequency. One...

Anaplasma Phagocytophilum and Tick Genes Analysis

Anaplasma phagocytophilum, the contributing agent of human granulocytic anaplasmosis and tick-borne fever, is the recently renamed obligate intracellular bacterium following the restructuring of the families Rickettsiaceae and Anaplasmataceae in the order Rickettsiaceae. It causes disease in humans, horses, dogs, and ruminants. This name was given replacing three species of granulocytic...

Medication Error Risks and Program Evaluation Methodology

Qualitative research usually represents the researcher’s point of view on certain issues including experiences. The research is always suitable for answering questions that examines general human behaviour, motives and the hindrances. Qualitative research seeks to critically analyze issues that are very significant in identification of research problem, development of the...

Cell Communication and Signaling

Introduction All living organisms are made up of cells that could comprise the entire animal as in bacteria or which build up their organs and body systems. This has been used as a basis to claim that they must have descended from one source via evolution. Cells are therefore very...

The Structure of Inherited Cardiomyopathy

Structure and function of bulk proteins of myocardial microfilaments The cellular units of cardiac muscle fibers, myocytes (10-20 µm diameters and 50-100 µm length) are connected end-to-end in series by a network of interdigitating cell membrane called intercalated discs, comprising two units, the desmosomes and gap junctions. These intervening structures...

Maleimide (Polymer): Structure and Properties

Introduction Maleimide is unsaturated imide which is commonly used as a building block in organic synthesis. The general chemical formula of this compound is H2C2(CO)2NH. The IUPAC name of maleimide is 2,5-Pyrroledione. Its molecular formula is C4H3NO2 with a molar mass of 97.07 g/mol and a melting point 91-93 °C...

Characteristic of the United Arab Emirates

Introduction A significant increase in crises and disasters globally has necessitated the use of strategic responses when handling the dangers posed by these calamities. Governments are responsible for deploying federal schemes to augment their nation’s readiness for tragedy and attacks. Therefore, administrations can have a significant impact on state and...

Predicting Reservoir Performance of a Natural Gas Reservoir

Abstract Natural resources are a gift of God to mankind. Natural resources play a pivotal role in the success of any nation. Gas and oil reservoirs are different and this report deals with numerous approaches in order to Predict Reservoir Performance of a Natural Gas Reservoir. There are a number...

Chebyshev Polynomials Theories, math Analyse

Introduction Chebyshev polynomials sequences of orthogonal (perpendicular) polynomials that can be defined recursively as with Lucas numbers and Fibonacci numbers. The polynomials were named after Pafnuty Chebyshev, and are related to the de Moivre’s formula, a function relating complex numbers to trigonometry. Normally there is a clear distinction between what...

Reproduction of Marmoset Monkeys

Materials and methods Animals Two to three-year-old adult female common marmoset monkeys (Callithrix jacchus) with bodyweight ~350 g, and having a regular 28 d ovulatory cycles or gestation periods between 141 d and 145 d, were housed in cages for the study. Prior to do any experiment, permission from local...

Bacterial Research Immunohistochemistry

Animals Ovaries for histological analysis,y and for isolation of OSE cells collection were procured obtained from cycling the heifers, butchered infrom the local abattoir. Ovaries were sorted and collected from the pregnant heifers brought to the abattoir at different stages of gestation, (mid pregnancy; i.e.) ( 55-80 d, n =...

Statistical Assessment: Correlation Analysis

Introduction and Literature Review Correlation analysis is a statistical assessment technique employed when studying the strength of an association between two continuous variables (Pollock 2015). Correlation analysis determines possible links between variables. However, it does not identify the cause-effect aspect of the connection because it does not consider other variables...

Diversity Management at Marketing Companies in Memphis, Tennessee

Introduction In the era of globalization and decreasing barriers between cultures, workplace diversity facilitates better collaboration and the necessity to encourage commitment to embrace change and differences. Both tangible and intangible benefits can be achieved, ranging from conflict resolution to increased exposure. Researching the problem of the lack of diversity...

Understanding Quantitative Research Methods

Research Methodology Every research applies a specific research approach to arrive at a given conclusion based on the availability of time and resources. According to Powell (2010, p. 26), it is important to choose the most appropriate research method that would provide highly reliable data because many people always depend...

Challenges of Using a Western Teaching Approach in Kuwait

Abstract In this paper what was explored were two challenges of using a western teaching approach in Kuwait. These challenges consist of gender segregation in colleges and universities as well as the concept of “wasta” (i.e. social networks). Males and females within Kuwait are taught in separate schools from elementary...

Evolution of Personal Standards for Choosing a Spouse

Introduction The contemporary world is multicultural although the global changes and transformations in human activities have enhanced mutual dependence and mutual bond amongst individuals of different cultures (Perilloux et al., 2011). Whilst efforts to enhance multiculturalism among nationalists and immigrants are currently underway across the world, the notion of cultural...

Assessing and Recommending Quantitative Research Design

Introduction Researchers apply several research designs when performing different types of research. A research design is important because it leads a researcher when collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and scientifically presenting data (Mitchell, & Jolly, 2012; Knight, 2010). The types of research usually vary according to the nature of data that research...

Margaret Wente “Polar Bears Don’t Need Us to Save Them”

Introduction Margaret Wente, author of the editorial Polar Bears Don’t Need Us to Save Them has undertaken an in-depth evaluation of the issues and concerns that scientists have raised regarding polar bears over time. The subject that the author has discussed in the editorial is not just debated but is...

Can Hot Water Freeze Faster Than Cold Water?

Introduction To most people, the idea that hot water freezes faster than cold water seems illogical. However, this is an absolute fact. This phenomenon had been met with lots of disapproval prior to the year 1969. However, an experiment performed by a Tanzanian high school student, Mpemba, confirmed that indeed...

Theory Building and Paradigms in Research

Introduction Theories often play a crucial role in developing academic research. The importance of theories in research is especially profound in the conceptualization and guidance of research findings. Ironically, Henderikus (2010) reports the lack of a common conception of theory among researchers. However, since doctoral research greatly relies on theoretical...

ANOVA: Test of Normality of the Data

Introduction Most statistical techniques assume that distributions of scores on dependent variables are normal. In this case, a normal distribution represents a symmetrical, bell-shaped curve, which has the greatest frequency of scores in the middle, with smaller frequencies towards the extremes (Gravetter and Wallnau, 2000; Everitt, 1996). Skewness tests for...

Computers for Virtualization: Qualitative Study

The Envisioned Context Introduction This study gives a comprehensive activity enumeration from the previous research done on Desktop Virtualization. It will look at the problem statements as well as the research questions used to give clarity of the research design and methods preferred for the research. The paper will also...

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Characteristics

Characteristics of Research Research can assume diverse approaches such as qualitative or quantitative. The methodology applied is dependent on the nature of the task; however, both methods can be merged in mixed approaches to provide detailed inferences. According to Bernard (2011), the two methods exude differences in their analytical methodology,...

The Meaning of Theory and the Implications

Introduction This paper will address the meaning of theory in research. It seeks to find out why theories are important in the process of conducting research. The paper also discusses the different meanings of theory in research according to different scholars and the processes used in theory building in the...

Quantitative Research Plan: Five Approaches and Theory

Introduction In both qualitative and qualitative research, theory plays a central role in contextualizing research because it provides frameworks, concepts, constructs, and models, which elucidate a given phenomenon. Researchers have found that theories are indispensable elements in research since they are the foundation of research (Creswell, 2009; Elliot, 2005). In...

Five Approaches: Problem, Purpose, and Research Questions

Narrative Approach A narrative is an approach of qualitative research, which uses storytelling as a way of deriving data. Elliot (2005) asserts that the narrative approach focuses on the experiences of an individual and deriving meaning from the experiences. Since the experiences of individuals are unique, the narrative approach enables...

Comprehensive Model to use E-Government Services

Introduction Although information systems research has made substantial strides toward understanding the antecedents of IT adoption through variance-based models such as the technology acceptance model (TAM) and the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT), a stream of existing research (e.g., Beaudry & Pinsonneault 2010; Shareef et al...

Quantitative Research and its Aspects

Methodology It is important to define research methods before the actual process of collecting data (Vogt 2007, p. 52). Every research project uses a given research method in order to arrive at a given conclusion based on the resources available, the nature of the research itself, and other research factors...

Application of Relevant Theory and Research to Real Life Situations

Introduction A theory or hypothesis comprises meanings, interconnected ideas, and suggestions that explicate or foresee proceedings by identifying any associations that can be realized among variables. It provides a methodical strategy of understanding issues such as the proceedings, conduct, or any circumstance. Different hypotheses differ in scope based on the...

Justifing Research Methodology in Organizational Leadership

Research Methods Background The research problem arises from exploitation of the migrant workers who have moved from their respective countries to Malaysia after facing various challenges (Chai & Xiao, 2011; Kull, 2010). The government has neglected the welfare of migrants because it does not monitor the behavior of the native...

Public Administration and Social Change Strategies

Introduction Many researchers have published a lot of information about the operational challenges that public libraries face every day (Fratianni, Savona & Kirton, 2007; Verheul, Tammaro & Witt, 2010). Other researchers have acknowledged the fact that public libraries have the task to guarantee efficient service deliveries to the members of...

Measurement and Scaling Concepts

Definition of Measurement From a simplistic perspective, measurement can be defined as the assignment of numbers to the parameters of an occurrence, commodity, or events among other things. On the basis of a critical view, however, measurement cannot be restricted to the assignment of real numbers to an object since...

Qualitative Research Mini Study: Clayton County Library

Introduction This paper is a pilot study that investigates how Clayton County Library (Georgia) can improve its financial position through financial diversification. By seeking the views of three respondents through in-depth interviews, this paper provides a snapshot of how the main research would be like. Through its findings, this study...

Theory, Approach, Methods in Qualitative Study

Introduction This paper analyzes the relationship between theory, approach, and methods in qualitative studies. This analysis occurs in the context of a proposed study that aims to investigate how to diversify funds to enhance the financial stability of Clayton County Library. This paper explains the conceptual framework and research approaches...

Methodology and Design for the Research

Introduction Effective people management is an essential element that organisations should focus on in their strategic human resource management practices. Leblebici (2012) opines that nowadays the “relationship between employees and employers may be seen upside down” (p.38). The high rate of global economic growth has presented individuals with numerous job...

Hypothetical Research Design Plans

Introduction The process of planning a research project is one of the essential aspects of conducting a research study. Lack of effective planning has negative effects on the quality of a research project, and thus its generalization to the entire research population. One of the most important phases in the...

Best Practice Suggestions: Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

Similarities between Quantitative and Qualitative Methods Quantitative and qualitative methods are the most commonly used approaches to conducting research. The two have some striking similarities that a researcher should be aware of when making the decision on which of them may be appropriate for given research. One factor that both...

Questionnairy Design Concept and Its Importance for a Research Study

Introduction Gaining market intelligence is a fundamental issue in developing managerial competence. Lietz (2010) asserts that market intelligence allows individuals in different levels of management to make effective decisions. One of the mechanisms of gaining market intelligence includes conducting market research in order to gather relevant market data. However, the...

Methodology: Factors in the Conduct and Assessment of a Management Study

Introduction Conducting an assessment for a study requires developing an assessment plan whereby key factors to facilitate the desired outcome and assessment instruments are considered. As this paper shall explore, an assessment practice should first consider factors that determine whether a researcher will use commercially designed instruments or create own...

Draft Research Questions: Motivating Employees

In the current competitive business environment, organizations have realized that the only way to be successful is to have a team of dedicated employees who are always willing to go the extra mile in meeting the demand of customers. Various approaches to maintaining a pool of motivated employees have been...

Hypothetical Research Approaches

Introduction All researchers are aimed at confirming or exploring some important aspects that are associated with topics of interest. Confirmatory or exploratory strategies are based on research approaches, which are characterized by different methods of data collection and analysis (Creswell, 2013; Leedy & Ormrod, 2013). Thus, when a researcher thinks...

Fun in the Workplace: Research Approaches

Hypothetical research approaches The influence of fun in the workplace on employees’ performance, motivation, and cooperation can be examined with the help of different research methodologies. For example, it is possible to choose the qualitative approach. In this case, a researcher should focus on the opinions of respondents such as...

Transition for Nurse Graduates in Saudi Arabia: An Exploratory Study

Methodology Introduction to the chapter This research aims at exploring the nurse transition programs that ought to transform New Graduate Nurses (NGNs) into professional nurses. The study results will be very controversial; therefore, it is necessary to employ an organised approach to achieve the required results. Research methodology enables the...

Determining a Suitable Ph.D. Research Problem

Introduction One of the basics of conducting quality research is the understanding of the research problems. Leedy and Ormrod (2005) argue that the success of a good research project depends on how the problem is stated. As such, stating the problem in a clear and precise manner will contribute hugely...

Abduction Approach and Theoretical Saturation

Thematic Analysis: Definition, Advantages, and Disadvantages A characteristic feature of the modern stage of psychology is the desire of scholars to develop such research methods that would be relevant to the object under the study, since this science involves not only the very theme but also the facts lying outside...

Action and Evaluation Research: Data Collection and Analysis

Case Assignment Action research is a type of research method that aims at solving a certain problem or discussing a reflective process the goal of which is to find a solution to a problem. As a rule, it is done by an educator or a group of educators for other...

Quantitative Data Collection and Analysis

Case Assignment Introduction of a Quantitative Article In the majority of cases, men are defined as more appropriate and beneficial examples of leaders than women. However, to disprove this theme and discuss this problem from a new perspective, the researchers introduce different methods and use different sources. For example, the...

Marketing and Human Resources Management in the United Arab Emirates

Introduction There is no doubt that the technological progress made over the past few decades has opened a plethora of opportunities for the UAE companies, in general, and the Dubai organizations, in particular, to explore new opportunities in local and global markets, improve services quality, and attract new customers. The...

Qualitative and Quantitative Methods of Researchers

Introduction The decision to conduct research is not an easy task because much work has to be done and much time has to be spent. Researchers can make mistakes at the initial stage of the work when the necessity to choose a research method takes place. There are two main...

Insider Action Research: Method of Business Management

Literature Synthesis Introduction Action research remains a complex phenomenon, which implies the necessity of modification and introduction of the adjustments in the organization. Nonetheless, it is evident that challenges have a tendency to exist. The articles and publications, which were chosen for the literature synthesis, imply my understanding of the...

Framing the Case Into the Action Plan

Introduction It could be said that the crude oil industry continually experiences the layoff of workers, as it is one of the major reasons to reach sustainability on the market. The governance of my company continues to decrease the quantity of personnel and cuts the employees’ benefits to remain competitive...

Action Research Process: Literature Review

Introduction The process of Action Research (AR) and the features that distinguish it from other research methods have been described by numerous studies. The literature review provided in this paper focuses on methods and tools of AR as well as the key principles of AR conducting to demonstrate how AR...

Research Design and Approaches Review

Research Approaches Abductive research is an approach used to generate scientific accounts appropriate for the concrete case from everyday usual accounts or rules. Thus, in contrast to induction and deduction, abduction allows discovering particular phenomena or cases oriented first to the general rule and consequences. As a result, the abductive...

Research in Management and Organizational Settings

Introduction The systematic planning of actions that are applied to the collection of information and subsequent analysis of data in a logical manner that help in the realization of the purpose of a given study is called a study design. Examples of study designs include descriptive, cross-sectional, experimental, and explorative...

NVivo Program: Methodology in Qualitative Study

Interviews In qualitative research, interview is a popular and valued method of data collection. Kahan and Cannell state that “An interview is a purposeful discussion between two or more people” (Saunders, Lewis, and Thornhill 318). While conducting a qualitative research, the researcher can draw detailed and extensive information from the...

Literature Synthesis While Conducting Management Study

Introduction Research methods are very important in any form of research work since they form the basis for which a researcher collects, analyzes, as well as displays data after carrying out a given study. As such, research methods are a necessity when conducting research. However, the types of research methods...

Research Methodology Determination in Conducting Study

Introduction The choice of a research topic determines the type of methodologies to be employed when conducting a particular study. The researcher has to design the appropriate methodology to fit the case under study. The research methodology entails considering various aspects, which include identifying the research study undertaken, the process...

Theory Essence in Research Conduct

Introduction The term theory appears to have various meanings based on contending research models. For example, it can mean a formative edict or system of rules, especially in the natural sciences. It may also mean a concept or collection of ideas that are valuable in gaining an in-depth understanding of...

Critical Literature Synthesis in Case Study Conduct

Introduction When conducting research, it is important to have an understanding of the appropriate methods that can help in gathering relevant data to directly respond to the research questions. The case study of Swire Oil and Gas Company is typical research where it will be very important to collect specific...

Research Paradigms: Information-Seeking Methodology

Research Paradigm Research methods are greatly influenced by the paradigms used in the research. “Two scholars who hold different beliefs[paradigms]…may be interested in examining the same phenomenon but their beliefs will lead them to set up their studies very differently because of their differing views of the evidence, analysis and...

Qualitative Study Conduct: Collecting Data

Introduction When conducting research, it is very important to ensure that the quality of data meets the expectations of the intended audience. According to Merriam and Merriam (2009), the nature of data collected will define the validity and reliability of the findings that will be made by the researcher. Quality...

Flexible Metal-Organic Frameworks for Gas Separation

Introduction Soft, porous crystals are porous solids that pass a highly ordered network and structural transformability (Sugiyama et al, 2012). Soft or flexible porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have found applications in molecular recognition, selective gas adsorption/separation, or chemical sensing (Tan &cheetham, 2011). When compared with solid porous MOFs, the soft,...

Qualitative Research Critical Literature Review

Introduction Qualitative research is one of the most commonly used research methods in social sciences. Punch (2005, p. 89) defines qualitative research as “Ethnographic, naturalistic, anthropological, field, or participant observer research.” As this definition suggests, qualitative research methods involves investigation of specific issues through field studies, case studies, ethnographic, anthropological,...

Fun at Work: Research Variables

‘Fun at work’ entails any social or interpersonal task that is meant to be entertaining in nature. The tasks are meant to provide employees with amusement, joy, and pleasure when carrying out their usual duties at the workplace. The activities do not necessarily have to be related to the job...

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Design Issues

Introduction A research design is an overall technique used to bring together different elements of a study. The process allows the researcher to effectively and clearly address a research problem. On its part, a research plan comprises the blueprint that is used for analysis, collection, and measurement of inputs needed...

Sport & Society Studies: Statistical Design

Research structure is significant because it makes it easier for the reader to read and comprehend it. Every peer-reviewed research, qualitative and quantitative, can be divided into three parts, which include the research question, data collection, and data analysis. The paper offers a statistical framework of articles selected from the...

Critiquing Research Articles: A Personal Toolkit

Toolkit for Article Critique Credibility Was the article written by a scholar, who already has a record in academic journals? Was the article published in a scholarly journal or by a respectful academic publishing agency? Was the article published five years ago at most? Is the article intended for scholars,...

Professional Sports Activities’ Socioeconomic Impact

Introduction The impact of sports activities is beyond the field. The current paper proposes an approach that can be used to develop a literature review about the socioeconomic impact of professional activities. The process of selecting a research problem is achieved by developing a conceptual framework as discussed in the...

Mathematics Course and Students’ Professional Vision

Methodology Introduction The purpose of this research was to examine how the specific course in mathematics could change the students’ visions of their professional competence. In order to examine how experiences in learning the aspects of the mathematics methodology course and in teaching mathematics could affect teachers’ self-efficacy, both quantitative...

The Biogeographic Distribution of Australian Taxa

Biogeographic classifications are imperative for understanding the distribution of fauna and flora in different regions. Biogeographic distribution has become critical in comprehending causative factors associated with evolution based on elements of geologic phenomena or dynamics of biological orientations. Plate tectonics The tectonics has been recognised as a major element that...

Social Research: Ontological and Epistemological Assumptions

Introduction According to Baert (2005), social research refers to a systematised form of investigation. The aim of such an undertaking is to gain knowledge on social problems and phenomena in human society. On the other hand, Bryman (2004) defines this form of research as a scientific undertaking that utilises logical...

Identifying Major Threats to Validity

This assignment consists of two parts. The first one is a chart that highlights the major threats for conclusion, construct and external validities, while the second section explains the major threats to external validity and highlights possible ways of minimizing them. The first part appears below. Chart Threats Description of...

The Discipline of Nursing Students

Statement of the Problem The problem statement is stated clearly, and it is easy to identify. In Sweden, one of the biggest problems in nursing education is passing exams, and this statement is stated unambiguously. This problem is significant in nursing because students are expected to pass certain exams before...