Politics

Assessment of an E-Government Model: A Case Study

Abstract The paper considers e-government as the specific phenomenon of the era of information technology development. Case-study method is applied, with the evolution and current state of US e-government system as the example. The research includes both secondary study and empirical research based on expert interview with open questions, with...

Information Security Governance in the Federal Government Entities of the UAE

Research Topic This paper contains a proposal for a study that will investigate Information Security Governance (ISG) in the Federal Government Entities (FGEs) of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Specifically, the project will construct a framework for ISG and its improvement in FGEs based on primary data from an FGE-focused...

Qatar: The Role of Small Countries in International Politics

Abstract Small countries have often been viewed as puppet states under the thumb of other nations, lacking the means of conducting independent foreign policy or the means to protect their own sovereignty. After the 2nd World War and the decline of armed violence as a means of achieving geopolitical goals,...

Is Government the Cause of Evil?

Introduction There cannot be many doubts on the extent of ‘evil’ that pervades society today. This has been the case from the time history started recording events. There has been constant endeavor from the side of the people and from the end of the intellectuals to enhance the way life...

Unconventional Warfare and Senior Military Officers

Executive Summary The United States Armed Forces has the primary mandate of ensuring that the country is safe from any form of external attack. For a long time, the potential threat that it had to prepare to fight was hostile nations such as the Soviet Union/Russia, Iran, North Korea, and...

Investigation Into the Delays in Major Infrastructure Projects

Abstract In a large infrastructure construction project, chances of coordination failures are numerous because of the large number of stakeholders and project participants involved. Several other factors including peculiar site conditions and nature of construction activities add to events that might cause coordination failures. Project management cannot ignore the impact...

Political Settlement in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Introduction The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a protracted conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The conflict started in the late 1980s and took a dramatic turn in the 1990s when both parties battled each other for the disputed region.1 So far, the war has evolved into an armed conflict characterized by ethnic...

Towards Fostering Resilience Strategy to Robust Infrastructure Systems

Resilience is the ability of a system to take up interruption and restructuring while experiencing change in an attempt to maintain fundamentally the same role, arrangement, distinctiveness, and responses. Resilience denotes the capability of a material to take up energy after it is elastically deformed and free that energy upon...

Leadership Effectiveness for Marginalized Civil Organizations in Liberia

Abstract This research will explore impacts of leadership effectiveness in strengthening influence of marginalized civil groups and subsets of civil society on the political process in Liberia. Lack of inputs of marginalized civil groups and local communities to make public decisions on budgeting and allocation of resources for development programs...

The Conflict in Syria: The ‘Responsibility to Protect’ Doctrine

The ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) doctrine is declared by the United Nations Security Council as a new approach to prevent the atrocity crimes globally and to protect the civilians’ rights. The doctrine was developed in the 2000s in response to the humanitarian crises of the 1990s in Rwanda and Kosovo....

The Responsibility to Protect in the Syrian Situation

Introduction The ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) is declared by the United Nations Security Council and General Assembly as a new effective approach that was proposed in the 2000s in order to prevent the progress of mass atrocities globally. Referring to this strategy that includes a certain series of actions to...

Contributions of Public and Private School to US People

Introduction When something is made a priority, it is by definition supposed to get better. The American public schools continue to struggle through hardships to deliver high-quality educational services to an increasingly diverse group of students despite the nation’s public schools being made a high priority by the nation’s policymakers...

Response For Both Public and Fire-Fighter Safety

Abstract Fire fighting is a risky job yet even the developed nations do not have effective programs that ensure safety of the fire-fighters and public volunteers who come to assist in the event of an emergency. And as such there are many incidences of fire-fighter deaths resulting from poor coordination...

Public Administration Associated With City Funding

Outline This paper examines the ramifications of public administration, especially in the context of its pecuniary and fiscal aspects. Public administration associated with city funding involves several complex matters because of the heterogeneous character of the urban areas. City budgeting includes means of allocation of all the resources particularly in...

International Relationship: United States and Iran

Introduction International relationships are critical in the development of various economies. This arises from the fact that countries depend on each other for various reasons. Growth in the rate of globalization is culminating in an increment in the rate at which countries are becoming integrated. This means that national boundaries...

Using Facebook as a Reliable Means of Attracting Youths to Politics

Abstract After sweeping over America, Canada and other developed nations, social networking sites are making inroads into the African community. Many African countries have adopted this form of virtual socialization, and Nigeria is such one country. These sites include Twitter, MySpace, and Hi5 among others. However, Facebook seems to have...

ICTY: The Training of Staff and Selection in the Recruitment Process Staff

Abstract ICTY – International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia investigates crimes committed by the former military rulers of Yugoslavia. The crimes investigated are crimes against humanity, ethnic cleansing and murder on a large scale. Experienced investigators who are recruited from the police forces of different countries conduct investigations and...

Implementation of E-Government in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has advanced its position from the 80th rank in the year 2005 to 70th rank in the year 2008 in the matter of e-government readiness as assessed by the United Nations. However, the implementation of e-government initiatives by the country was not an easy...

Role of Knowledge Management in E-Government

Abstract Advancement of information and communication technology has enhanced the use of functionalities of the tools like internet, email and mobile phones which in turn has proved to be the best media for greater level of interaction of citizens and businesses with the local and central governments. This has also...

The Risk Governance Assurance in Dubai

Introduction Introduction The first chapter introduces the background of the research, provides the rationale, and identifies the research problem. The research questions and objectives of the study are discussed to define the goal that has to be achieved in the project. The chapter also outlines hypotheses and the significance of...

Impact of Effective Leadership in the Public Sector in the United Arab Emirates

Abstract Leadership in the public sector is a sensitive topic in the United Arab Emirates that is yet to be effectively explored by local scholars. The government is heavily involved in numerous developmental projects as a way of spurring economic growth and reducing overreliance on the oil and gas sector....

Regional Powers in the Middle East

Introduction Regional power is among the most important concepts of modern geopolitics. Among the criteria of regional power is self-conception, serious impact on the regional geopolitics, resourcefulness, being interconnected with the regional countries, great influence on the local affairs, impact on the local governance structures, being respected as a regional...

The Relationship of Determinants of Risk Governance in the Government of Dubai

Abstract The government of Dubai has been heavily focusing on the public sector and investing in the infrastructural development of mega-projects to support and increase the economic growth of the nation and have reliable alternatives to the gas and oil sector. These mega-projects may include the construction of major buildings,...

EU Has Slowly Eroded the Sovereignty of the UK Parliament

The EU and the UK The European Union was seen as a platform for close collaboration of European countries that would ensure their stability and ability to address threats associated with globalization. Ironically, one of the central goals of the EU was the struggle against nationalist conflicts that led to...

China’s ‘Soft Power’, as Reflected by the ‘One Belt, One Road’ Project

Introduction Nowadays, it became a commonplace practice among many political scientists in the West to refer to the notion of ‘soft power’ (as defined by Joseph Nye), as such that illustrates the validity of the idea that the very essence of the dynamics in the arena of international politics undergoes...

Origin and Features of the Guerrilla Warfare

Purpose The purpose of this briefing note is to present information on the nature and characteristics of guerilla warfare. The briefing note will specifically focus on: Definition of Guerilla Warfare Definition of Guerilla Warfare History of guerilla warfare Formation of Guerilla Units Organization of Guerilla Warfare Can Victory be attained...

The Concept of E-Government Adoption

Scholars have conducted extensive research on the issue of e-governance especially its relevance in modern society. Bwalya (2009, p. 89) notes that the world is changing very fast due to technological advancement, and this has made it necessary to find better management approaches other than the traditional ways of governance....

Clayton County Library System: A Developed Policy Scenario

Abstract This section describes the Clayton County Library System concerning issues of public policy development, enactment, and implementation. In the process, it considers the library’s policy on children. It, therefore, explains how the policy issue was addressed in the organization, a clarification of desired outcomes, the actual approach used to...

Challenges and Critiques of Democracy

Introduction Even though democracy has been hailed as the most appropriate basis of public governance, it has been associated with several challenges. Besides, there have been many scholars who have provided critiques of its ideals (Yu, 2010). Based on these facts, this essay discusses specific issues regarding policy, governance, and...

The United Arab Emirates and the Hazard of Iran’s Nuclear Programs

Abstract A crisis management program for the United Arab Emirates is critical because of the potential threat presented by natural disasters and artificial emergencies which leads to economic loss, loss of lives, breakdown of law and order, and the destruction of critical infrastructure. The ministry of the interior should coordinate...

Crime in Springfield, Illinois: Real or Perceived

Abstract There is a problem in Springfield, Illinois. According to Forbes magazine, Springfield, Illinois is the third most dangerous city in the United States. Springfield, Illinois is also the fourth most dangerous city in the United States for women. This determination was made by Forbes magazine after reviewing the 2010...

Decision-Making Strategies and Tactics Used by Governments in Development

Introduction “Today’s community expects public agencies to operate consistently and equitably. The community also expects that government at all levels will have systems in place to ensure this happens” (Queensland Ombudsman 1). However, the decision-making processes that characterise the functions of government departments are complex because they have far-reaching implications...

Reformation of Afghan National Police

List of Abbreviations Afghan Border Police = ABP Afghan National Army = ANA Afghan National Police = ANP Afghan Uniformed Police = AUP Afghan Counter-Narcotics Police = ACNP Afghan National Civil Order Police = ANCOP Army Forces Strategic Command = AFSC Army Space and Missile Defense Command = ASMDC Combined...

USA Patriot Act Policy and Its Impact on Business

Introduction USA PATRIOT stands for “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism” (United States, 2001, p. 1). The USA PATRIOT Act was adopted in October 2001 as a response to the September 11 attacks and the terrorist threat. The law contains ten titles...

The NATO’s Activities: Neo-Realistic Tendencies

Within the context of zero-sum theory, according to which a participant’s gains should equal the losses of utility of another participant, relative gains refer to actions of the parties concerning power balancing, regardless of other factors. For instance, many international organizations rely on cooperation as a necessary condition for balancing...

Toward a Comprehensive Process Model for E-Government Services’ Usage

Introduction As a direct result of advances in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), particularly the Internet, citizens have developed a whole new set of expectations regarding the methods and processes used in interacting with their respective governments. Following in the footsteps of the revolution in consumer purchasing established by e-commerce,...

Political Aspects of Organizations

Politics in organizations are extensive and instrumental in determining the performance of the workers as well as assigning resources. However, politics in organizations is triggered by certain factors including the working conditions and the prevailing environment. Organizational politics have both positive and negative impacts on organizations (Bodla and Danish, 2009)....

Exploring Leadership Experiences of Military Leaders

Introduction to the Problem The Military has long been recognized for regimental structures of discipline and development. The primary focus of leader and leadership development in the military revolves around military leaders’ ability to provide command and control to units engaged in battle. Known as kinetic operations, military leaders learn...

Jamaica Constabulary Force’s Strategies Review

Introduction Following a serious public security and safety crisis in Jamaica, characterized by rising cases of violent crimes, corruption, human rights abuse, and a state of apathy in the formulation and implementation of public security policy, the government of Jamaica, through the Ministry of National Security, initiated a panel to...

Jamaica’s Crime Problem and National Development Plan

Introduction This essay critically examines crime problems in Jamaica and the prognosis for Vision 2030 Jamaica and the proposed reforms to the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) concerning a detailed review of the text Understanding Crime in Jamaica: New Challenges for Public Policy by Anthony Harriott. Harriott wrote this text a...

Jamaica Vision 2030. National Development Plan

Background Like any other focused nation, Jamaica has developed a National Development Plan referred to as Vision 2030 Jamaica. The blueprint aims at fostering development to ensure that Jamaica is “the place of choice to live, work, raise families, and do business” (Planning Institute of Jamaica 2010). [1] In the...

United Stated Army Inspector General Process Optimization

The Inspector General is an investigative personnel in the military or any other civil organization (AR 20-1, 2010). Different government as well as different arms of civil organizations have a designated office of the Inspector General. This is essential as it ensures that the investigative, inspection, assistance, teaching, and training...

Vice President’s Powers in the United States

Introduction The United States’ constitution has changed since 1789 and the powers of the President and the Vice President (VP) have had a fluctuating trend; alternating between strong Presidents and weak VPs and verse versa. This paper is a study of the VP’s powers and how they have transformed in...

The U.S. PATRIOT Act and Privacy Rights

Introduction Background to the Study The US PATRIOT Act aims at providing the necessary intelligence for helping curb domestic and international terrorist activities that were planned and executed on US soil. One major claim that was advanced by the top administration of the US in support of the US PATRIOT...

Foreign Direct Investment in Pakistan

Introduction In the past two decades, foreign direct investment inflows have increased steadily in both emerging and developed economies because of free-market approaches. According to the World Bank, “foreign direct investment (FDI) is the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting...

Natural Disaster Management and Historical Prospective Study in the UAE

Abstract The core functions of the ministry of the interior are to coordinate and integrate activities that are necessary to enhance the capability of the ministry of interior to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, and recover from the occurrence of natural disasters, in the context of disaster management. An assessment...

The US Patriot Act and Privacy Rights

Introduction Background of the Study The US government (under the Bush administration) passed the USA PATRIOT Act into law after the 9/11 attacks. The Act aimed to improve the quality of counterterrorism investigations by giving law enforcement officers immense powers to search and survey terrorism suspects (Committee on Technical and...

Towards a Comprehensive Model to Use E-Government Services

The Phenomenon A major finding in a recent United Nations (UN) e-government survey exploring the inter-linkages between e-government and sustainable development efforts relates to the steady improvement in all the indicators of the e-government development index, implying that more and more countries are employing e-government policies and programs to sustain...

Exploring the Concept of E-Government

Literature Review Introduction Since the last decade, e government has assumed an important consideration in IS field research. But even more significant, the domain of e government has attracted increased prominence and attention over the last few years as governments worldwide eagerly anticipate a digital future, with the proliferation of...

Post-adoption Stage of E-government

Introduction Information Communication Technology [ICT] has become a fundamental element in countries’ economic transformation as evidenced by the emergence of the digital economy. Lee (2011, p.2366) posits that most governments around the world ‘appreciate the potential associated with employing ICT in supporting different government activities’. Most governments are increasingly implementing...

E-Government Development: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Introduction The growth of information and communication technology [ICT] has greatly influenced human life in a number of ways. ICT has also affected public service sectors. Rokhman (2011) argues that numerous changes have occurred with reference to the provision of government services due to the ICT development. Subsequently, the level...

E- Government in Saudi Arabia: First and Second Plan

Introduction The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has one of the fastest developing economies in the Middle East region. The country has been attracting foreign investors, especially in the petroleum industry, finance, and tourism. This means that the central government at Riyadh has been under pressure to meet the growing demand...

Decision-Making Process in the UAE Government

Introduction The progress of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) from the silent trading area to international player has been extraordinary. The nation’s reasonable foreign policies and insistent diversification far from gas and oil have assisted in development of the economy, which has led to a GDP on a par with...

World Vision Mozambique: Non-Governmental Organizations

Introduction Human resource management (HRM) is a relatively new concept that has enabled organizations control their performance through effective management of employees. Organizations have globally adopted this concept as a central part of their operations with the aim being to influence staffing and performance at their respective institutions. Ownership and...

Technical Factors and Trust in E-Government

Introduction The study has analyzed nine relationships related to the issues of adoption of e-government in a certain context. The use of the Internet has enhanced the accessibility to all facets of government processes and services and enabled the easy and speedy delivery of these services to citizens, companies, employees,...

Western Sahara Dispute on Self-Determination

Introduction General Overview Western Sahara is one of the disputed territories in the globe. It is located in the Maghreb region in the northern part of the African continent. It is bordered by Morocco to the north, Mauritania to the south and east, and Algeria to the northeast (Jensen 12)....

Public Sector Reforms and its Impacts on Governance

Abstract The public sector reforms are ongoing across the world as a response to the urgent need of reducing the governments’ national deficits. Governments across the world face similar challenges, which include strained budgets against increased expectations and slow growth. In almost every country in the world, the public service...

Measuring and Managing in Public Organisations

Abstract All organizations measure their performance. In the public sector, managers determine the performance of their contractors and other collaborative stakeholders. Legislatures, Congress, and various city councils report their performance to different executive assemblies or committees in different nations. In the public sector organizations such as education and healthcare institutions,...

Public Policy in UAE Federal Government

Introduction Human trafficking is not only a problem affecting the United Arab Emirates but also a global issue that has raised concern over the lives of many people. Although empirical evidence shows that the government of the UAE has intensified the campaign against human trafficking as a public policy, the...

Civilizational Dialogue: Huntington & Fukuyama Theories

Introduction Many intellectuals tend to perceive the end of the world in terms of emerging political differences. Although conflicts among states are evident in the world of economics and development, the argument presented in this essay is against such ideas. From a personal viewpoint, the end of world history can...

Globalization, Multiculturalism and Muslims

Introduction The advent of digital media, satellite television, and the World Wide Web has enabled the Muslim community to form better connections than it did in the past. Currently, there are over one billion Muslims around the world. Therefore, the current digital and technological platforms have enabled the Muslim nation...

The Economic and Political Structure of Stadium Development

Introduction In exemption of the prevailing controversies experienced within the economic and political nature of establishing and developing cities across the globe, the world has dictated the state of construction and development of stadiums through full or large proportion of funds retrieved from the government. Some researchers have criticized this...

E-Government Development in the Middle East

Introduction A strand of existing literature shows that a mounting number of countries worldwide have successfully implemented e-government initiatives not only to spur innovation in the public sector (Sorrentino & de Marco 2013), but also to shift from expensive, rigid and bureaucratic provision of government services to more cost efficient...

E-Government Services’ Continuous Use

Introduction In recent years, information and communication technology (ICT) has become a fundamental component in the economic transformation countries, as evidenced by the emergence of the digital economy. Available scholarship demonstrates that most governments around the world “appreciate the potential associated with employing ICT in supporting different government activities” (Lee...

Implementing Innovation in Daily Operation of Public Organization: Dubai Police

Introduction Dubai is one of the fastest growing major global urban centers. The city has become the region’s top tourists’ destination and business hub. According to Noblet and Rodwell (2008), the growth of the city has been boosted by massive investment made by the government and improved security. The city...

Is Democracy a Justifiable Method for Collective Decision Making?

Introduction Modern society is challenged by a number of complex issues connected with the necessity to identify and follow the required forms of government, demonstrate rational approaches to decision making, and respect human rights and freedoms. The promotion of democracy as the main form of government turns out to be...

The Implementation of the US International Policy in Afghanistan

Introduction The upcoming research will deal with the complex problems related to the implementation of the US international policy in Afghanistan. The social welfare policy of the US Department of Defense aims to ensure law-enforcement system in underdeveloped countries through Embedded Police Mentors’ (EPMs) training and assistance. The topic of...

Russia’s Intervention in Ukraine

The developments surrounding Russia’s policies when it comes to Ukraine have continued to surprise observers within Europe and the rest of the world. Most of the Russian intervention tactics caught the attention of critics, most of whom who felt that t President Vladimir Putin was reacting from what he considered...

The Dodd-Frank Act: Federal Policy Analysis

The Act President Obama assented to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (simply referred to as the Dodd-Frank Act) to make it a federal law on July 21, 2010 (White House, n.d). The Dodd-Frank Act was realized after more than a year of work to change the...

In What Ways Did Arab Nationalism Change Over Time?

Introduction Arab nationalism has been one of the most famous and influential movements in the history of the Arab people. The initial goal of this effort was to unify Arabs and create a pure nation with one common Arabic language and Islam as the only approved religion. In the 19th...

President or the Congress Is More Powerful When Deciding on the Use of Force?

Introduction After the Vietnam War, Congress recognized that the president has no jurisdiction to declare or wage any war outside the War Power Resolutions provisions, enacted by congress. However, the president is constitutionally required to defend the country from any intrusive power. He is the commander in chief of the...

Project Objectives and Outcomes in the Public Sector

Public Sector Projects Public or government projects are implemented to facilitate the achievement of specified societal goals. Effective project governance is required to ensure that the project conforms to the societal values, needs, and interests in the planning and implementation stages. According to Samset et al. (2016), public projects result...

Conceptual Framework to Transform Government Entities Into a Virtual Government

Introduction Modernization and improvement are the natural aspects of civilization development. Different spheres of society are regularly subjected to changes under the influence of modern technologies and the development of the digital sphere. The emphasis on innovation is the evidence of the effective use of progress, and in the realm...

The Financial and Economic Transformation of the Global Governments

Introduction Modern technologies are widely used in various spheres of life not only by businesses but also by governments as a means to enhance financial and economic areas. Artificial intelligence (AI) is recognized in the professional literature as subversive since its introduction requires a change in the business model when...

The Partnership Between Non-Profit and Public Organizations

Introduction At present, the partnership between non-profit and public sectors brings many benefits to both parties. In the past, the system was different, namely, the government and the private sector worked separately and, in some countries, the government had absolute control over all spheres of its activity. Although it is...

Hayek, Friedrich on Capitalism

Abstract This study points out that Hayek’s view of capitalism does not resemble the same points of views advocated by other proponents of capitalism. His support of capitalism is rather unusual because he limits his objectives and targets a specific audience (petty bourgeoisie), as opposed to the general populace, or...

Free Trade and Developing Countries: A Blessing or a Curse

Introduction This paper determines whether free trade has helped or hurt developing countries. It is worth noting that, for a very long time in history, there has been strong evidence for and against free trade towards empowering less developed countries (Goldstein & Jon 179). The development of free trade models...

Conflict Resolution in the United Nations

Introduction The United Nations has failed in its conflict resolution role. Its fragile occupation of target nations is just part of the problem; this institution is bogged down by structural and strategic inefficiencies as well. Through an analysis of the Bosnia Herzegovina situation in 1992, it will be argued that...

Public Sector’s Association With other Non-Profit Organizations

Introduction The financial plans in many legislative institutions are exaggerated by the financial commitment and the possibility of enhancement is restricted. Governmental organizations are confronted by a test of ascertaining a central course among using restricted resource allotment and presenting sky-scraping excellent service. It is a gigantic dispute since governments...

The Public Diplomacy of Israel

Introduction The world has certainly become a global village requiring the countries and nations residing in it to build up strong relationships that can protect and safeguard their interests; at least for continued existence. Therefore, countries require diplomacy and firm foreign policies to ensure the potential favor of nations at...

Network – Public Management Perspective

Introduction Nowadays, much attention is paid to the concept of networks that could be used in public administration or to represent the public sector from different perspectives. For a long period, different researchers and writers discussed the development of networks and offered their ideas and approaches to comprehend the concept....

Networks: A Structural Perspective in the Context of Public Management

Introduction In the modern world, public management largely relies on social sciences. The understanding of how human interactions occur and how they should be managed most effectively, i.e. to produce maximum value and generate minimum waste, is recognized as a crucial element of successful public administration. A particular approach that...

Public Management as Social Dilemmas

Introduction Public management is imperative as it is used in addressing the differences that exist concerning how people and institutions interact; this is due to the governance structure that defines systems and the social issues that describe interactions among humans (Leite, Silva, & Afonso, 2014). It is based on these...

Public Service Motivation: Rational Actor or Fool?

Introduction There are numerous approaches to studying public service motivation. There are three key approaches that can be highlighted – conceptualization, service motivation measurement models, and research on social, behavioral, and performance evidence. The assumptions concerning human behaviors in each of these approaches are discussed further in the paper. Moreover,...

Economic Policy of the United Kingdom Government

Policy Brief Overview of issue It is important for the Government of the Prime Minister, David Cameron, to reduce its budget deficit. The research focuses on the importance of discussing an article favoring David Cameron’s Government’s policies of focusing on the local economy over the European Union Economy. The government...

Elections and Political Processes Program in America

Executive summary Elections offer an avenue for citizens to be involved in decision making, in addition to holding their representatives accountable. The political legitimacy that credible elections confer is essential for robust states and provides a crucial mandate if governments are to have the capacity to tackle a myriad of...

Media Democracy in Hong Kong

Executive Summary The paper discusses democracy and freedom of the press in Hong Kong. It analyses the government’s attitude and activities towards real democracy and the freedom of the press and in particular, how it has contributed to the lack of democracy and freedom of the press and also suggests...

The Influence of America on Nicaragua

Introduction Nicaragua is one of the most strategically placed nations in the Latin American region in terms of resources. The state has emerged as a top-notch state and a forerunner for the nations that are categorized as developing countries. The country lends its voice in attempts to set multilateral as...

Electronic Democracy in the Middle East

Introduction Information technology has revolutionized the way the world operates and as a result, the world is very fast-paced and characterized by huge changes that were probably never envisaged or imagined before (Brown & Czerniewicz, 2010). These changes have been felt in most aspects of life, including on the social,...

Strategic Alliances in the International Trade

International trade has contributed to the development of international markets due to improved communications and the growth of a global culture. International trade contributed to the growth of new markets for several multinational organizations leading to the development of big multinational companies. However, multinational companies were not able to capture...

Democratization in West Africa

Introduction Democracy in Africa has often been perceived as a complex issue (World Views 1). In the continent, democracy is perceived as a special form of governance because of the unique dynamics of the continent. Many westerners have experienced a lot of difficulties trying to understand the nature of Africa’s...

Civil Society and Democratization

Introduction The following essay is concerned is with the examination of civil society and democratization. The main policy of many governments is to transform nations into liberal democratic zones. A strong civil society movement is a key element as far as democracy is concerned. United Society for instance has promoted...

USAID – Funding Agency History

Funding Goals and Criteria for funding Agencies The eight Millennium Development Goals have formed the blue print for the funding objectives of most donor nations. These goals were reached at in the year 2000 at Geneva. They include abolition of abject poverty, ensuring that everybody accesses primary education globally, enhancing...

Al Jazeera: Persuasion and Diplomacy in the Global Arena

Introduction Ever since an international news network Al Jazeera came into being in 1996, it never ceased stirring public controversy in Arab world on the account of its journalists’ ‘freethinking’ style of reporting. However, it was namely after the attacks of 9/11 that Al Jazeera had gained a fame of...

Regional Integration Impact of the Central African States

Opening statement The purpose of this study is to find out whether the economic integration of the central African states leads to mutual benefit. Regional integration in central Africa is still lagging behind due to political, financial, economic and institutional obstacles. Therefore, the paper aims at establishing the measures to...

“Public Budgeting in America” by Tyer & Willand

Introduction Over the last two decades, considerable amount of reform and changes have occurred in the public budgeting of many states and counties. The beginning of 1990s saw more attention being redirected towards what is popularly known as performance budgeting or entrepreneurial budgeting (Tyer & Willand, 1997). However, it must...