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Academic Text: Definition & Types
Academic text is a text written for the studies or while studying. It should be objective and logical, and it requires particular structure, style, format, and language according to the instructions. It should be based on proven facts, not emotions and personal opinions.
Academic Text Types
The four main types of academic texts are persuasive, analytical, descriptive, and critical. Let's dive into each of them.
- A persuasive academic text is a text where you need to make your reader believe that the point you are making is true. You need to review the topic and provide solid evidence. A persuasive text may have the following: argument, evaluation, discussion, and taking a position.
- An analytical text is a type of text where you need to analyze a topic. Although it includes descriptive writing, you should divide your information into types, groups, categories, parts, and relationships. An analytical text may consist of analysis, comparison, contrast, relation, and examination.
- A descriptive text is a type of text where you need to deliver information or provide facts. For example, it may be a summary or a scientific report. Descriptive writing may include identification, report, record, summary, or definition.
- A critical text is a type of text where you need to state at least one opposite opinion apart from persuading. It may be a critique of a piece of writing or a strengths and weaknesses essay. It may include debate, disagreement, evaluation, or critique.
Academic Text FAQ
An academic text is an objective text written for studying purposes. It has a particular structure, format, logic, and language. It doesn't just state one's opinion but relies on facts and evidence. There are four types of academic text: persuasive, analytical, descriptive, and critical. Look at our academic text samples for a better understanding.
The thesis statement is usually the last sentence of the introductory paragraph. It states the text's main point and lets the reader know what the text will be about. So, identify the main point first, then provide some evidence proving that point. The thesis should be short and easy to understand.
Language in the academic text is usually required to be formal. An academic text needs to have a special vocabulary, punctuation, grammar, terminology, etc. It shows a student's acquired skills and credibility of the work done. It shouldn't be too casual but somewhat professional.